Udaipur

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Udaipur
City
Udaipur City
Nickname(s): 
"City of Lakes"
Coordinates: 24°35′N 73°41′E / 24.58°N 73.68°E / 24.58; 73.68Coordinates: 24°35′N 73°41′E / 24.58°N 73.68°E / 24.58; 73.68
StateRajasthan
DistrictUdaipur
Founded byRana Udai Singh II
Government
 • BodyUdaipur Municipal Corporation
Area
 • City64 km2 (25 sq mi)
Elevation
423 m (1,388 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • City451,100
 • Metro
474,531
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • RegionalMewari
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
313001- 313024
Telephone code+91- 294
Vehicle registrationRJ-27
Nearest citiesJodhpur, Chittorgarh, Kota, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Ajmer, Indore, Dungarpur, Banswara
ClimateBSh
Websiteudaipur.rajasthan.gov.in

Udaipur is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan and is also known as City of Lakes.[1] Historically, it was the capital of the kingdom of Mewar, which was located inside the ancient Rajputana Agency.[2] Founded in 1559 by Rajput ruler Udai Singh II, who relocated his headquarters from Chittorgarh to Udaipur when Chittorgarh was besieged by Akbar. In 1818, it was elevated to the status of a British princely state, and in 1947, the Mewar province was annexed to the state of Rajasthan, which became the country's first independent state.[3]

The city is situated in the southernmost portion of Rajasthan, near the border with Gujarat. It is the state capital. Aravali Range, which divides it from the Thar Desert, surrounds it and isolates it from the rest of India. It is around 660 kilometres from Delhi, nearly 800 kilometres from Mumbai, and approximately 1720 kilometres from Bangalore. It is situated practically exactly in the midst of two major Indian metropolises. In addition, Udaipur's proximity to the ports of Gujarat gives the city a key geographical edge. Through the use of road, rail, and air transportation, Udaipur is well-connected to the cities and states in the surrounding area. The Maharana Pratap International Airport serves the city. Hindi, English, and Rajasthani are some of the most often spoken languages (Mewari).

By British administrator James Tod, Udaipur was dubbed "the most charming point on the continent of India."[4] The city is a popular tourist destination, and it is noted for its rich history, culture, gorgeous settings, and palaces from the Rajput period. Because of its complex lake system, it is sometimes referred to as the "City of Lakes" by residents. It is surrounded by seven lakes, which are all navigable. In India's National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP), five of the country's most important lakes have been identified for restoration as part of the project. These lakes are: Fateh Sagar Lake, Lake Pichola, Swaroop Sagar Lake, Rangsagar Lake, and Doodh Talai Lake, all of which are located in the state of Rajasthan. Aside from its lakes, Udaipur is also recognised for its mediaeval forts and palaces, museums, galleries, natural areas and gardens, architectural temples, as well as traditional fairs, festivals, and buildings, to name a few attractions. It is sometimes referred to as the "Venice of the Orient." Tourists are the primary driver of the economy of Udaipur; nevertheless, mining, marble processing, chemical production and research, electronic manufacturing, and the handicraft sector also contribute to the city's overall prosperity. It is home to several state and regional government offices, such as the Director of Mines and Geology office, the Commissioner of Excise and Customs, and the Commissioner of Tribal Area Development. It is also home to Hindustan Zinc Limited, as well as the Rajasthan State Mines and Mineral Corporation Limited, among others. Apart from that, Udaipur is becoming as a major educational centre, with five universities, fourteen colleges, and more than 160 high schools. According to the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) provided by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Udaipur is home to IIM Udaipur, the country's fifth finest management institution.

History

Founded in 1559 by Maharana Udai Singh II in the lush circular Girwa Valley to the southwest of Nagda, on the Banas River, Udaipur is one of India's most important cities. The city was chosen to be the new capital of the Mewar kingdom, and it remains so today. During the 10th through 12th centuries, this region was already home to a bustling commercial centre known as Ayad, which had served as the capital of the Mewar kingdom. Because of this, the Girwa area was already well known to Chittaud monarchs, who relocated there whenever the tableland of Chittaurgarh was threatened by enemy invasions. While in exile in Kumbhalgarh, Rana Udai Singh II made the decision to relocate his capital to a more secure site, after the introduction of artillery warfare in the sixteenth century. Because Ayad was concerned about flooding, he picked the ridge east of Pichola Lake as the location for his new capital city. While hunting in the foothills of the Aravalli Range, he met into a hermit who became his ally. Assuring the king that his palace would be properly protected, the hermit blessed him and directed him in the construction of a palace on the site. As a result, Udai Singh II purchased the land and built a home on it. Chittor was captured and conquered by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in November 1567. For the purpose of protecting Udaipur from foreign incursions, Rana Udai Singh constructed a six-kilometer-long city wall with seven gates, which were known as Surajpole, Chandpole, Udiapole, Hathipole, Ambapole, Brahmpole, Delhi Gate, and Kishanpole. The region enclosed by these fortifications and gates is today referred to as the ancient city or the walled city.

Akbar himself came at Udaipur in September 1576 and stayed for six months until May 1577, when he returned to Delhi. Rana Amar Singh ultimately agreed to accept Mughal vassal status in 1615, and Udaipur remained the state's capital until the kingdom was elevated to the status of a princely state of British India in 1818. Because Udaipur is located in a hilly terrain and is not appropriate for highly armoured Mughal horsemen, it has stayed free of Mughal control despite intense efforts. As of right now, Maharana Mahendra Singh Mewar is the 76th guardian of the Mewar dynasty on the Indian subcontinent.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, the total population of Udaipur city was 451,100. Including suburbs outside the city limits the population was 474,531. As per the data, the male population of the city was 233,959 and the female population was 217,141 in 2011. The total population for the age group of 0–6 years old was 47,932. The sex-ratio of the city was 928. The child sex-ratio (0–6 years of age) was 866.

As per the estimated 2019 population data, the total population of Udaipur is 662,992. In recent years, the population growth of Udaipur has increased amazingly due to its weather, relaxing environment and wonderful places to visit nearby.

Udaipur has an average effective literacy rate of 90.43 percent, as compared to the national average of 74.04 percent: male literacy rate being 95.41 percent while the female literacy rate being 85.08 percent.

Hindi and Mewari are the major languages spoken in Udaipur. Marwari, Wagdi, Urdu and Gujarati are some others which are in use in the city.

Hinduism is the major religion followed in the city. 2nd most is Muslims with approx 16% of the total population. With a large Jain community, Jainism is amongst the other main religions practised. Jains makes about 10% of the population, as compared to the national average of 0.37%.

Economy

Udaipur has a diverse economic basis that allows it to thrive. Tourism, agriculture, and the mining industry are the three primary contributors to the city's economy, with the rest coming from other sources. The handicraft and cottage industry sectors provide significant contributions to the growth of the economy and are developing rapidly. The city has also been included in the Smart Cities Mission, which was launched by the Indian government, and has been chosen to be one of the first 20 cities to be built as smart cities in the country. According to the 2001 Indian census, 36 percent of Udaipur residents were reported to be in gainful employment at the time of the census.

Handicrafts

Udaipur is well-known for its handicrafts, which include paintings, marble objects, silver arts, and terracotta sculptures. It is a forum where regional handicrafts and loom goods are produced, which is known as the Shilpgram. Craft bazaars are organised by the Shilpgram with the goal of encouraging the development of regional arts and crafts, as well as handicrafts and hand-loom works, among other things.

Tourism

Udaipur, with its lakes, mediaeval palaces and architecture, and other attractions, is a popular tourist destination for both domestic and international visitors to the state of Rajasthan. In 2016, around 1.4 million visitors came to Udaipur to enjoy the sights. With a large number of hotels to accommodate visiting visitors, Udaipur is home to some of the most popular luxury hotels and resorts in the nation. In 2015, the Oberoi Udaivilas was named as the world's number one hotel by Condé Nast Traveler. The Taj Lake Palace and the Leela Palace Udaipur are also among the most costly hotels in the nation, with the Taj Lake Palace being the most expensive. Because of the presence of several other well-known hotel brands in the city, the tourist industry has been a significant contribution to the city's economic prosperity and international notoriety.

Metals and Minerals industries

The mineral resources of the Udaipur district are exceptionally abundant, since a wide range of valuable minerals can be discovered in this area. Copper, lead, zinc, and silver, as well as industrial minerals such as phosphate, asbestos, calcite, limestone, Talc (soapstone), barites, wollastonite, and marble, are the major driving forces behind the industries based in the city. Copper, lead, zinc, and silver, as well as industrial minerals such as phosphate, asbestos, calcite, limestone, Talc (soapstone), barites, wollastonite, and marble, are Marble is only mined, processed, and exported from this region to other parts of the globe. The marble industry is well-established and well-capitalized, with enough infrastructure and technical support for mining and processing of the raw material. It is the most important sector, providing employment to a huge number of residents in the city as well as immigrants from adjacent places. Additionally, Hindustan Zinc, the world's second-largest zinc producer, is located near Udaipur.

Agriculture

Agriculture, like it is in most other sections of the nation, continues to be a major contributor to the city's economic development. During the Kharif season, the most important crops in the region are maize and jowar; during the Rabi season, the most important crops are wheat and mustard. Pulses, groundnuts, and vegetables like as brinjals are just a few of the primary food items that are farmed in and around the metropolis. Since its inception, the Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, along with its affiliated institutions, has been dedicated to the identification, design, preparation, and adaptation of new techniques in the field of production technology for the advancement of agricultural development.

Tourism

Picture Attraction Description
Udaipur City Palace (1).jpg Udaipur City Palace The City Palace towers over Lake Pichola. The balconies, cupolas, and towers of the palace give a wonderful view of the lake and the surrounding city. This complex actually consists of four major and several minor palaces that collectively form the magnificent City Palace. The main part of the palace is now preserved as a museum displaying artifacts.
Lake palace256 (1).jpg Lake Palace Now a hotel but was originally called Jagniwas and served as a summer palace. Built between 1743 and 1746 on the island near Jagmandir in Lake Pichola, the palace, which faces east, is a wondrous sight to behold. The walls made of black and white marbles are adorned with semi-precious stones and ornamented niches. Gardens, fountains, pillared terraces, and columns line its courtyards.
Jag Mandir255 (1).jpg Jag Mandir Jagmandir is a palace built on an island on the Lake Pichola. Also called the ‘Lake Garden Palace’, the construction for this began in 1620 and was completed around 1652. The royal family used the palace as its summer resort and for hosting parties. Interestingly, Prince Khurram - later Emperor Shah Jahan - was given shelter here when he rebelled against his father Emperor Jahangir. The Palace had such an impact on Emperor Shah Jahan that it went on to become the inspiration for one of the most magnificent Wonders of the World, The Taj Mahal.
Monsoon palace25.jpg Monsoon Palace Situated just outside Udaipur, this 19th-century palace is built on top of Bansdara hills. Used as a monsoon palace and hunting lodge, its builder, Maharana Sajjan Singh, originally planned to make it an astronomical center. The plan was cancelled with Maharana Sajjan Singh's premature death. It is still an awe-inspiring sight on the Udaipur skyline and offers spectacular views of the city and the areas around.
Jagdish Temple25 (1).jpg Jagdish Temple An example of the Indo-Aryan style of architecture, Jagdish Temple was built in 1651 and continues to be one of the most famous temples in and around Udaipur. Dedicated to Lord Vishnu, the structure is an architectural marvel with carved pillars, graceful ceilings and painted walls. This three-storied temple was built by Maharana Jagat Singh I.
Fateh Sagar Lake22.jpg Fateh Sagar Lake This delightful lake, bordered by hills and woodlands, lies to the north of Lake Pichola. This artificial lake is connected to Lake Pichola by a canal. The lake houses the beautiful Nehru Island as well as an islet on which stands the Udaipur Solar Observatory. It was inaugurated by the Duke of Connaught and was initially called Connaught Bundh.
Lake Pichola.jpg Lake Pichola Picholi was the name of a village that lent its name to the lake. The islands of Jagniwas and Jagmandir are housed in this lake. Along the eastern banks of the lake lies the City Palace. A boat ride in the lake around sunset offers a breathtaking view of the Lake and City Palace.
Saheliyon ki Bari (1).jpg Saheliyon ki Bari Built by Maharana Sangram Singh II as a garden for women, Saheliyon-ki-Bari or the Garden of the Maidens is a popular tourist destination. Along with a small museum, it has several attractions such as marble elephants, fountains, kiosks and a lotus pool.
GULAB BAGH AND ZOO (1).jpg Gulab Bagh and Zoo Gulab Bagh (Sajjan Niwas Garden) is the largest garden in Udaipur. Spread over 100 acres, the garden proudly displays innumerable species of roses, from which it also gets its name.
Sukhadia Circle.jpg Sukhadia Circle Sukhadia Circle lies to the north of Udaipur. It comprises a small pond that also houses a 21 foot tall, three-tiered marble fountain. Decorated with beautifully carved motifs, the fountain looks spectacular at night when it is lit up. The fountain is surrounded by gardens, creating a perfect oasis in a city bustling with tourists.
Bharatiya Lok Kala Mandal.jpg Bharatiya Lok Kala Mandal Dedicated to the study of folk art, culture, songs and festivals of Rajasthan, Gujrat and Madhya Pradesh, Bharatiya Lok Kala Mandal is a cultural institution in Udaipur. Besides propagating folk culture, it also houses a museum that exhibits various artefacts of Rajasthani culture.
Bagore ki Haveli.jpg Bagore ki Haveli Bagore-ki-Haveli is located by Lake Pichola, at Gangaur Ghat. Amar Chand Badwa, the Prime Minister of Mewar, built it in the 18th century. The massive palace has over a hundred rooms that display costumes and modern art. The glass and mirrors in the interiors are structured in classical haveli style.
Shilpgram.jpg Shilpgram Situated 7 kms west of Udaipur near Lake Fateh Sagar is the Centre's Shilpgram - the Rural Arts and Crafts Complex. Spread over 70 acres, and surrounded by the Aravallis, the Rural Arts and Crafts Complex has been conceived as a living museum to depict the lifestyles of the folk and tribal people of the west zone.
Udai sagar lake.jpg Udai Sagar Lake Udai Sagar Lake is one of the five striking lakes situated in Udaipur. Located about 13 kilometres to the east of Udaipur, the construction of this lake was started in 1559 by Maharana Udai Singh. The lake is actually a result of a dam being built on the river Berach to supply adequate water to the Maharana’s kingdom. Udai Sagar Lake is 4 kms in length, 2.5 kilometres in width and about 9 meters at its deepest.
Haldighati (2).jpg Haldighati Haldighati is a famed mountain pass in the hills of the Aravalli Range. The pass, about 40 kilometres from Udaipur, connects the districts of Rajsamand and Pali. The pass gets its name from the yellow-coloured soil of the region (turmeric is called haldi in Hindi).
Doodh talai lake (1).jpg Doodh Talai Lake The road that takes visitors to Pichola Lake has another popular destination – the Doodh Talai Lake. The lake is nestled between several small hillocks which themselves are tourist attractions. The Deen Dayal Upadhyay Park and the Manikya Lal Verma Garden are part of the Doodh Talai Lake Garden.
Jaisamand Lake.jpg Jaisamand Lake Jaisamand Lake is known for being the second largest man-made sweet water lake in Asia. It is popular among the locals as a weekend picnic destination. Locals say that the lake was constructed to halt the waters of Ruparel River. This lake boasts of a large island, which is home to various species of birds, at its centre.
Udaipur fish aquarium.jpg Udaipur Fish Aquarium The Under the Sun Fish Aquarium at Fateh Sagar Pal in Udaipur has managed to mark its distinct position on the map as India’s first Hi-Tech virtual fish aquarium. In the first phase, the Under the Sun aquarium is playing host to 156 varieties of sea fish and fresh water fish, which have been procured from 16 countries around the world. In the long run, this number will go up to 1500 varieties! The 125 meter long gallery features specially built tanks that let the visitors feel as if they are deep within the ocean. The fish at this aquarium vary, with the smallest one being hardly a centimeter long, and the largest fish, Aropama, being 9 feet long.The aquarium features a touch pool to let the kids play with the fish,along with and LED screen for everyfish tank to know more about the fishes within the aquarium. This is one aquarium that you’d love to visit for true interactive fun!
Badi lake udaipur.jpg Badi Lake Badi Lake is an artificial lake that was built by Maharana Raj Singh to help the city counterbalance the devastating effects of drought. He named the lake Jiyan Sagar after his mother Jana Devi. During the drought of 1973, the lake proved to be a blessing for the people of Udaipur. And today, the lake has become a popular attraction in the city, for both locals and tourists. Surrounded by three chhatris, the Badi Lake is one of the finest fresh water lakes in the country, and is counted among the major tourist attractions in Udaipur. Located about 12 km from the city, the ambiance of the lake is calm and tranquil, and offers a scenic respite from the hustle and bustle of city life.
Sajjangarh biological park.jpg Sajjangarh Biological Park Located just outside the Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary, at the foot hills of Bans-Dahara hills is the Sajjangarh Biological Park spread over 36 hectares of land. In this park one can see the Carnivores and Herbivores animals moving around in their natural habitat. One can visit the Park on foot or by Golf car on payment basis.
Sahastra bahu temple.JPG Sahastra Bahu Temple Located about 22 km from Udaipur, in Nagda village on NH-8, stands the Sahastra Bahu Temple. The temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, and the name means ‘one with a million arms’, which is one of the forms of Vishnu. The site of the temple borders green marshlands, and is home to numerous date palms which give the temple a unique oasis-like ambiance. The temple is a 10 th century complex and is featured on the Archaeological Survey of India’s list of heritage monuments. The temple is adorned with numerous beautiful carvings, based on Ramayana. Open from sunrise till the sunsets, the temple is a magnificent structure that offers exquisite sculptures, making it a site that’s every bit worth the visit.
Eklingji (1).jpg Shri Ekling Ji Temple The Eklingji Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva and located 25 kilometers from Udaipur, is one of the most important Hindu pilgrimage sites in Rajasthan. The temple, which is located in the town of Eklingji (Kailashpuri), is the source of the place's common name. Temple is very great and spectacular in idea, as well as in execution, and it is a work of art. The temple's Shikhar towers 50 feet above the ground and has a circumference of 60 feet. A statue of Nandi (bull) facing the deity may be seen on each of the four entrances to the sanctum sanctorum, which has four doors in each of the four directions. It is adorned with a black stone Shiva Lingam with five faces. The ancient temple, which is more than 1300 years old, has a huge campus with up to 72 holy sites, including Samadhis, maths, and temples, spread throughout it.
Neemach mata temple.JPG Neemach Mata Temple Neemach Mata is a sacred site on a hill overlooking Fateh Sagar Lake in Rajasthan. The temple is located at the summit of the hill, about 900 metres above sea level. This viewpoint offers a panoramic view of the whole city of Udaipur.
Pratap Gaurav Kendra.jpg Pratap Gaurav Kendra Tiger Hill is home to the Pratap Gaurav Kendra Rashtriya Tirtha (Paradise of the Gaurav). It was established by the Veer Shromani Maharana Pratap Samiti with the goal of disseminating knowledge about Maharana Pratap and the historical legacy of the region via the use of contemporary technologies.

Places nearby

Aside from the local attractions inside the city, there are other attractive sites to visit in the surrounding area of Udaipur. Nathdwara, Ranakpur, Chittorgarh, Haldighati, Kumbhalgarh, Mount Abu, Eklingji, Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Kankroli and Rajsamand Lake, Rishabhdeo, Jagat, Jaisamand Lake, Udaisagar Lake, Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary, Baneshwar, Galiakot, Dungarpur, Banswara, Chavand, Bhinder, Kanor, Sanwaliaji Temple, Avari Mata temple, Jhakham Dam, Salumber, Charbhuja Ji, Tidi Dam, Nandeshwar Ji, Ubeshwar Ji, Mansi Wakal dam, Keleshwar Mahadeo, Jhameshwar Mahadeo, Vallabhnagar.

Education

Udaipur is home to various government, deemed and private universities. Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology and Rajiv Gandhi Tribal University are the major government universities in the city while J.R.N. Rajasthan Vidyapeeth is a deemed university and Pacific University, Bhupal Nobles University and SPSU are amongst leading private universities of repute. The Indian Institute of Management Udaipur, established in 2011, also resides in the city.

References

  1. "Udaipur travelogue: What to do, where to eat and when to visit the city of lakes". Hindustan Times. 30 July 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  2. "about-udaipur". udaipur.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  3. "Udaipur History- History of Udaipur, Udaipur Rajasthan History,Udaipur India History". www.udaipur.org.uk. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  4. "Udaipur travel". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 1 February 2022.

External links