Gujarat is a state in india with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi) – the majority of which is on the Kathiawar peninsula – with a population of 60.4 million people. Gujarat is the third most populous state in India. It is the fifth-largest state in terms of land area and the ninth-largest state in terms of population in India. Gujarat is bordered on the northeast by Rajasthan, on the south by Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, on the southeast by Maharashtra, on the east by Madhya Pradesh, and on the west by the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani state of Sindh. Gujarat's capital is Ahmedabad. Gandhinagar serves as the country's capital, while Ahmedabad serves as its biggest city. Gujarati is the language of the Gujarati people of India, who are indigenous to the state, and Gujarati is the official language of the state. A gross state domestic product (GSDP) of 16.48 trillion (US$220 billion), Gujarat's economy is the fifth-largest in India. With a per capita GDP of 216,000 (US$2,900), Gujarat has the country's 11th-highest gross state domestic product (GSDP) per capita. Gujarat is ranked 21st among Indian states in terms of human development, according to the Human Development Index. In recent years, the state has had historically low unemployment and is generally regarded as one of India's most industrially developed states and a manufacturing centre.
The state has 23 Indus Valley Civilization sites (more than any other area within the old IVC), with the most significant of them being Lothal (the world's first dry dock), Dholavira (the IVC's 5th biggest site), and Gola Dhoro (the world's largest sandstone structure) (wherein 5 seals uncommon throughout most of the IVC were found). One of the world's earliest seaports, according to legend, was located in Lothal. Bharuch and Khambhat, in particular, were important ports and trade centres throughout the Maurya and Gupta empires, as well as during the succession of royal Saka dynasties during the period of the Western Satraps (14th to 16th centuries). Gujarat, along with the Indian states of Bihar, Mizoram, and Nagaland, is one of four states in which the sale of alcoholic beverages is prohibited. The Gir Forest National Park in Gujarat is home to the world's only wild population of Asiatic lions, which may be found in the park's surrounding area.