Andhra Pradesh is a state in India's south-eastern coastal area, located on the country's eastern coast. It is the seventh-largest state in terms of land size, with a total land area of 162,975 km2 (62,925 sq mi) and the tenth-most populated state, with a total population of 49,386,799 people. The state capital is Amaravati, and it is the seventh-largest state in terms of population. Tamil Nadu is surrounded by Telangana to the north-west, Chhattisgarh to the north-east, Odisha to the north-east, Odisha to the south-east, Karnataka to the western and eastern seaboards of India, as well as the Bay of Bengal. It has around 974 kilometres of coastline, which is the second longest in India after Gujarat (605 mi). On October 1, 1953, the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh became the country's first state to be founded solely on the basis of linguistics. In the past, the state was a prominent Buddhist pilgrimage destination in the country, as well as a Buddhist study centre, as shown by the ruins, chaityas, and stupas that can be seen at several locations around the state. It is also known as the "Land of the World-Famous Diamond Koh-i-Noor" and the "Land of Many Other World-Famous Diamonds" owing to the fact that the Kollur Mine is the source of many other world-famous diamonds. It is sometimes referred to as the "rice bowl of India" due to the fact that it is a significant producer of rice in the country. In addition to being one of India's traditional languages, Telugu is the fourth most spoken language in the country as well as the eleventh most spoken language in the globe.
Early settlers were known as the Andhras, and their history can be traced back to the Vedic era, when they were recorded in the Rigvedic work Aitareya Brahmana, written in the eighth century BCE. As recorded in the Aitareya Brahmana, the Andhras crossed the Yamuna River from the banks of northern India to the banks of the southern Indian subcontinent. The Assaka Mahajanapada (700–300 BCE) was an ancient kingdom located between the Godavari and Krishna rivers in southeastern India. Accounts of people living in the region who are descended from the Viswamitra can be found in the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, and the Puranas, among other ancient Indian writings. The area also draws its name from the Satavahanas, also known as Andhras, who were the first monarchs of Andhra Pradesh and India and were also known as Satavahanas. Early peoples contributed to the development of local art culture by erecting temples and carvings of Buddhist monuments around the state. It was governed by the Mauryan Empire, the Satavahana dynasty, the Salankayanas, the Andhra Ikshvakus, the Pallavas, the Vishnukundinas, the Eastern Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas, the Cholas, the Kakatiyas, the Vijayanagara Empire, the Gajapati Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Deccan sul The kingdom of Andhra was a tributary state of Ashoka until his death in the 3rd century BCE. After his death, Andhra rose to prominence and expanded its empire to include the whole Maratha region and beyond.
Andhra Pradesh is divided into two major regions, namely Rayalaseema in the south-west and Coastal Andhra, which borders the Bay of Bengal in the east and north-east and is home to the state's capital, Hyderabad. The state is divided into thirteen districts, nine of which are in Coastal Andhra and four of which are in Rayalaseema. As an additional union territory, Yanam is a district of Puducherry located south of Kakinada in the Godavari delta on the state's east coast, and it is part of the state's administrative division. It is the only state to have three capitals, and it is the most populous (proposed). While Andhra Pradesh's economy is the 8th biggest in India, with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of 9.71 trillion (US$130 billion) and the 17th highest GSDP per capita in the nation (US$2,200), the state's economy is also the most prosperous. According to the Human Development Index, Andhra Pradesh ranks 27th among Indian states (HDI). It has control over territorial waters that cover an area of over 15,000 square kilometres (5,800 square miles).