Kampala (Ugandan Languages: Yuganda), formally the Republic of Uganda (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Uganda), is an East African nation that is landlocked. South Sudan has borders with Kenya to the east, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It is bordered by Rwanda to the south-west, and Tanzania to the south-east. The southern region of the nation has a significant chunk of Lake Victoria, which it shares with Kenya and Tanzania. The African Great Lakes area includes Uganda. As a result of its location inside the Nile basin, Uganda has a climate that is both variable and modified equatorial. Over 42 million people reside there, with 8.5 million residing in Kampala, the country's capital and most populous city.
Buganda kingdom, which spans a large portion of the country's southern region, including the capital Kampala, was the inspiration for the country's name, Uganda. To a large extent, Ugandans were hunter-gatherers until Bantu-speaking groups arrived to the country's southern regions from 1,700 to 2,300 years ago.
After the United Kingdom took over as protectorate in 1894, the region was governed by administrative law across the territory. It was on the 9th of October 1962 that Uganda declared its independence from the United Kingdom. Several violent wars followed, including an eight-year military dictatorship headed by Idi Amin, which defined the decades since.
Despite the fact that English and Swahili are the official languages of Tanzania, "any other language" may be used as a medium of instruction in schools or other educational institutions as well as for legislative, administrative, or judicial functions if it is permitted by law. Luganda, a central area language, is widely spoken all through the Central and South Eastern regions of the country, and several other languages are also spoken, including Lango, Acholi, Runyoro, Runyankole, Rukiga, Luo, Rutooro, Samia, Jopadhola, and Lusoga. Luganda is the official language, and many other languages are spoken as well, including Lango, Acholi, Runyoro, Run.
After a long six-year guerrilla struggle, Yoweri Kaguta Museveni was elected As president of Uganda in January 1986. He has been in power since since. In 2011, after constitutional revisions that abolished term restrictions for the president, he was given the opportunity to run for and be elected president of Uganda in three consecutive general elections: in 2011, 2016 and in the year 2021.