Physical disability

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Physical disability is Unable to move, dexterously do tasks, or maintain endurance due to a physical impairment. Respiratory problems, blindness, epilepsy, and sleep disorders are examples of physical limitations that have a negative impact on other aspects of everyday life as well.[1]

Causes

Prenatal impairments are those that occur before the birth of a child. Diseases or chemicals that the mother has been exposed to during pregnancy, as well as embryonic or foetal developmental accidents or genetic abnormalities, may all cause these complications.

In humans, perinatal impairments may develop anywhere from a few weeks before birth to as late as four weeks after delivery. Some of these may be caused by a prolonged shortage of oxygen or blockage in the respiratory system, while others can be caused by injury to the brain during delivery (for example, owing to the inadvertent use of forceps) or the infant being delivered prematurely. There are many factors that may cause this, including hereditary diseases and accidents.

Post-natal impairments are acquired after the birth of a child. They may occur as a result of accidents, injuries, obesity, infection, or many other diseases, among other things. These may also be brought on by hereditary abnormalities, among other things.[2]

Types

Loss or impairment of upper or lower limb function, poor manual dexterity, and injury to one or more organs of the body are all examples of impairment of mobility. Mobility impairment may be caused by a congenital or acquired issue, or it might be a complication of a disease. Individuals who have a fractured skeletal structure are also included in this group.

Other than physical impairment, visual impairment is another kind of physical impairment. There are hundreds of thousands of individuals who suffer from moderate to severe visual injuries or impairments, which may range from mild to severe. As a consequence of these kinds of accidents, people may develop serious issues or illnesses such as blindness and corneal damage. Scratched corneas, scratches on the sclera, diabetes-related eye diseases, dry eyes, corneal grafts, macular degeneration in old age, and retinal detachment are some of the additional forms of visual impairment.

Hearing loss is defined as the inability to hear to some extent or completely. Deaf and hard of hearing individuals have a rich cultural heritage, and learning sign language for communication reasons may be very beneficial. People who are just partly deaf may be able to benefit from the usage of hearing aids to enhance their hearing abilities in certain situations. Speech and language disability refers to a person who has abnormalities in speech and language processes that are beyond the permissible range in a particular context and that hinder them from achieving their full social and educational potential.

Physical disability may also be ascribed to diseases that cause, among other things, sleep deprivation, chronic tiredness, chronic pain, and seizures, among other things.

References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 24, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "The free dictionary by Farlex". Retrieved 30 May 2015.