The state of New Mexico may be found in the southwestern region of the United States. It is one of the Mountain States located in the southern Rocky Mountains, and it shares the Four Corners region of the western United States with the states of Utah, Colorado, and Arizona. Additionally, it shares borders with the states of Texas and Oklahoma to the east and southeast, as well as Chihuahua and Sonora in Mexico to the northeast. Albuquerque is the most populous city in the state, although Santa Fe holds the distinction of being the oldest capital in the United States. Santa Fe was established in 1610 as the administrative seat of Nuevo Mexico in New Spain. In 1912, it was accepted into the union as a state.
Despite having slightly over 2.1 million citizens, despite being the fifth biggest of the fifty states, New Mexico ranks 36th in population and 46th in population density. Its climate and geography are highly variable, ranging from forested mountains to sparse deserts; the northern and eastern regions exhibit a colder alpine climate, while the west and south are warmer and more arid; the Rio Grande and its fertile valley runs from north to south, creating a riparian climate through the centre of the state that supports a bosque habitat and distinct Albuquerque Basin climate; and the Rio Grande and its fertile valley runs from north to south, creating The federal government owns one–third of the land in New Mexico, and the state is home to a large number of protected wilderness areas and national monuments. Additionally, New Mexico is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the most of any state.
The New Mexico Oil & Gas Association, the Eastern Municipalities Natural Resources District, the New Mexico Technology Corridor, the media in Albuquerque, and the state's film industry are just a few examples of the state's thriving economy and industries, which rank among the largest in the country. In addition, the state is home to highly varied industries including cattle ranching, agriculture, timber, research in scientific and technological fields, tourism, and the arts, particularly in the fields of textiles and visual arts. In the year 2020, the country had a total gross domestic product (GDP) of $95.73 billion, with a GDP per capita of around $46,300. The tax policy of the state is defined by a low to moderate taxation on resident personal income relative to the national average, as well as tax credits, exemptions, and special considerations for friendly businesses and military personnel. New Mexico has a significant U.S. military presence, including White Sands Missile Range, as well as strategically valuable federal research centres, such as Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories, due to its large area and favourable economic climate. This is the case because New Mexico has both a large area and favourable economic climate. The state was the location of both the first nuclear test, known as Trinity, as well as other critical sites that were a part of the Manhattan Project, which was responsible for the development of the world's first atomic weapon.
The history of New Mexico has had a role in the state's distinctive cultural and demographic characteristics. It is one of just six states where minorities make up a majority of the population, and it has the greatest number of Hispanic and Latino Americans as well as the second-highest percentage of Native Americans, behind only Alaska. The state of New Mexico is home to a portion of the Navajo Nation, 19 Pueblo villages that are recognised by the federal government, and three separate Apache tribes that are recognised by the federal government. Its considerable Hispanic population consists of Hispanos, Chicanos, and Mexicans, all of whom are descended from the early Spanish inhabitants in the area. Hispanos. The New Mexican flag, which is among the most recognisable in the United States, has the red and gold colour of the Spanish flag together with the ancient sun sign of the Zia, a Puebloan tribe. This represents the state's diverse beginnings and is one of the reasons why it is so well known. The fusion of native American, Spanish, Mexican, and American influences may be tasted in the state's distinctive cuisine, and it can be heard in the state's distinctive music genre and architectural design.