World Heritage Site
A World Heritage Site is a landmark or region that has been legally designated as such by an international agreement maintained by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Cultural, historical, scientific, or other forms of value are recognised by UNESCO in the designation of World Heritage Sites. In the opinion of the judges, the sites include "cultural and natural heritage from all over the globe that is of exceptional worth to mankind."
A World Heritage Site must be a one-of-a-kind landmark that is both geographically and historically recognisable, as well as possessing particular cultural or physical importance, in order to be considered for inclusion on the list. Ancient ruins or historical structures, buildings, towns, deserts, woods, islands, lakes, monuments, mountains, or wilderness regions, for example, might be designated as World Heritage Sites. A World Heritage Site may be designated to commemorate a significant human achievement and serve as a record of humanity's intellectual history on the planet, or it may be designated to protect a natural area of outstanding beauty and environmental significance. The United Nations World Heritage Organization (UNESCO) has designated a total of 1,154 World Heritage Sites in 167 nations, with 897 of them being cultural, 218 being natural, and 39 being mixed assets. Italian sites top the list, with a total of 58 locations chosen from a pool of 154 potential locations.
They are meant for practical preservation for future generations of places that might otherwise be at danger from human or animal trespassing, unmonitored, unregulated, or unrestricted access, or the prospect of local administration neglect. By designating some areas as protected zones, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization The World Heritage Sites list is maintained by the international World Heritage Program, which is administered by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Committee, which is composed of 21 "states parties" who are elected by their General Assembly. To preserve places of exceptional cultural or ecological significance to the common culture and legacy of mankind, this initiative catalogues, identifies, and conserves them. The Convention on the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage, approved by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) General Conference on November 16, 1972, served as the foundation for the program's implementation. It has now gained the support of 193 states parties, making it one of the world's most well recognised international accords and the world's most popular cultural programme.