Millie E. Hale

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Millie E. Hale
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CitizenshipUnited States of America
Alma materFisk's Normal School
OccupationFounded Millie E. Hale Hospital

Millie Essie Gibson Hale (1881-1930) founded Millie E. Hale Hospital with her husband, John Henry Hale, M.D., in Nashville, TN. The hospital opened it's doors in 1916 and was the first in Nashville to treat African-American patients year round. At the time, African-Americans were denied care at other hospitals due to financial and racial discrimination.[1] Millie served as the hospital's head nurse and administrator.[2] In addition to these responsibilities, she created a monthly newspaper educating people on health issues, set up programs for prenatal care, and eventually transformed the Hale home into a community center.[1] Her husband served as the chief surgeon at the hospital and performed thousands or procedures during its existence. The hospital was open for over two decades and closed eight years after her death in 1930.[1] It started with only a 12-bed hospital and it grew to 75 beds and thousands of patients were treated there from all over the South.[3]

Millie graduated from Fisk's Normal School and received her Nursing degree from the Graduate School for Nurses in New York City.[3]

Millie E. Hale and John Henry Hale, M.D. were inducted into the Tennessee Health Care Hall of Fame at Belmont University on Oct 16, 2018.[3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Zepp, George (2003-05-21). "Hale Hospital Nurtured Thousands of City's Blacks". The Tennessean. p. 22. Retrieved 2021-03-16.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. Biddle-Douglass, Teresa (October 8, 2017). "Millie E. Hale". Tennessee Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 16, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Sandra Long Weaver (2018-10-25). "African American Health Care Providers Inducted". The Tennessee Tribune. Retrieved 2021-03-16.

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