Michael Wang (scientist)

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Michael Wang
CitizenshipUnited States
Alma mater
  • China Agricultural University (BA)
  • University of California (PhD)
Known forVehicle & Fuel Technologies
  • SAE Fellow
  • DOE Joint Hydrogen and Fuel Cells and Vehicle Technologies Programs Award
  • DOE Hydrogen Program R&D Award
Scientific career
InstitutionsArgonne National Laboratory
ThesisThe Use of a Marketable Permit System for Light-Duty Vehicle Emission Control (1994)

Michael Wang is a senior scientist, distinguished fellow, and director of the Systems Assessment Center of the Energy Systems Division at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory.[1] He is also a faculty associate in the Energy Policy Institute at The University of Chicago,[2] a senior fellow at the Northwestern-Argonne Institute of Science and Engineering at Northwestern University.

Wang’s research and expertise are in evaluating the energy and environmental impacts of vehicle technologies, energy systems, transportation fuels, and building technologies; assessing the market potentials of advanced vehicle technologies and new fuels; and examining transportation development in emerging economies such as China. He developed and applied the life-cycle analysis methods to the transportation sector.[1] His contributions to mobility technology have been recognized by several institutions, including the U.S. Department of Energy[3] and the Society of Automotive Engineers, which named Wang a fellow in 2019.[4][5]

At Argonne, Wang leads the development of the GREET (Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Technologies) model, a popular modeling tool for full life-cycle analysis of vehicle technologies, energy systems, transportation fuels and building technologies.[6] Over 40,00 individuals and organizations around the world–including governmental and non-governmental organizations, universities, automotive companies and energy companies–use GREET.[7][5][8]

Wang has also advised several boards and committees. He served on the board of the San Francisco-based Energy Foundation[9][10] and on the board of the Washington D.C.-based International Council for Clean Transportation.[11] He is currently sitting on the advisory board of the Institute of Transportation Studies of University of California at Davis.[12] He was also the former chair of the Subcommittee on the International Aspects of Transportation Energy and Alternative Fuels of the U.S. Transportation Research Board.[1]

Early Life and Education

Dr. Wang received his Ph.D. in environmental sciences from the University of California at Davis in 1992.[13][14] He also holds a master’s degree in environmental science from UC Davis and a bachelor’s degree in agricultural meteorology from the China Agricultural University.[13]

Dr. Wang completed his postdoctoral studies at the Center for Transportation Analysis in Oak Ridge National Laboratory.[13] He went on to join Argonne as a scientist in 1993.[1]


Life Cycle Analysis and the GREET Model

Wang leads the ongoing development of Argonne’s GREET modeling tool. GREET simulates the energy use, emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants, and water use of vehicle technologies, fuel production options, energy systems, and buildings technologies, allowing researchers, government agencies, and companies to evaluate the various vehicle and fuel combinations and other technologies on a full life-cycle basis. GREET is being used by over 40,000 registered users worldwide.[7] Users include governmental agencies in North America, Asia, and Europe, who uses GREET to help formulate transportation policies, such as low-carbon fuel and vehicle greenhouse gas emission regulations, and automotive companies developing environmentally sustainable vehicle technologies and fuels.[15]

Conventional Fuels and Vehicle Technologies

Wang has studied the energy and environmental effects of petroleum fuels and alternative fuels for use in internal combustion engine vehicles in early 1992.[16] He examined liquid fuels such as gasoline and diesel and gaseous fuels such as compressed natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas that are produced from petroleum and natural gas.[17][18] He detailed analyses include oil and natural gas fields, petroleum refineries, and the supply chain of liquid and gaseous fuels.[19] More recently, he’s examined high octane fuels for their efficiency and emission performance and methane leakage of the natural gas supply system.[20]

Biofuels and Renewable Fuels

Wang and his team at Argonne published extensively in the area of addressing energy and environmental effects of biofuels and renewable fuels including first-generation biofuels such as corn-based ethanol,[21][22] soybean-based biodiesel, and sugarcane-based ethanol, second-generation biofuels such as cellulosic biomass-based biofuels,[23][24] and other biofuels and renewable fuels such as algae-based biofuels, waste-to-energy technologies to produce renewable natural gas.[25][26][27] Wang’s LCA results for biofuels and renewable fuels are cited extensively by governmental agencies, companies, and researchers,[28] shown by the fact that Wang has been repeatedly ranked among the most influential people in the biofuels field.[29] [30] [31]

Electric, Fuel Cell, and Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Wang first published LCA results of battery electric vehicles in late 1980s when he was in graduate school in University of California at Davis. He identified that the electricity generation types and electric vehicle efficiency were the two most important factors determining energy and environmental performance of battery electric vehicles. He first addressed different hydrogen production pathways and their effects on fuel-cell vehicle energy and environmental performance.[32][33] More recently, he has worked on battery supply chains to examine energy, environmental, and economic effects of battery production, use, and recycling on the overall energy and environmental performance of battery electric vehicles.[34][35][36][37][38]

Transportation Development in Developed and Emerging Economies

Wang has also studied how new vehicle technologies and new fuels are introduced in the U.S., developed economies and emerging economies like China.[39][40][41] His studies explore and suggest technical and policy solutions that could help the public and private sectors in emerging countries on how to manage emissions and mitigate the environmental impact of vehicles.[42][43] Wang has collaborated with international organizations such as the International Energy Agency,[44] the International Transport Forum, the International Civil Aviation Organization and in individual countries including China, Brazil, Canada, Japan, Korea, and European Union member states.[1]

Honors and Awards

  • Received USCAR[45] Team Award, 2013[46]
  • Named one of the Top 100 People in Bioenergy by Biofuels Digest, 2016,[29] 2012,[30] 2010[31]
  • Received DOE’s Joint Hydrogen and Fuel Cells and Vehicle Technologies Programs Award in 2013[46]
  • Received DOE’s Hydrogen Program R&D Award in 2008[47] and 2005[48]


  • Fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers, 2019[5]
  • Argonne distinguished fellow, 2016[46]
  • Member of the Transportation Energy Committee, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, USA[49]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Michael Wang | Argonne National Laboratory". www.anl.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  2. https://epic.uchicago.edu/
  3. "10 Questions for a Senior Scientist: Michael Wang". Energy.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  4. "Fellows - Membership - Participate - SAE International - Membership - Fellows". www.sae.org. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Argonne scientist elected as SAE Fellow | Argonne National Laboratory". www.anl.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  6. EESI Carbon Accounting and Vehicle Fuels: A Research Update. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kJREOG9lliI&feature=youtu.be&t=2m7s
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Overview of Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) with the GREET® Model".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. "New ethanol conversion approach can reduce greenhouse gas emissions between 40 and 96 percent". techxplore.com. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  9. https://www.ef.org/about-us/
  10. "EF Annual Report 2013". www.ef.org. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  11. "International Council | International Council on Clean Transportation". theicct.org. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  12. "Board of Advisors". ITS. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 "Michael Wang, PhD - Alternative Energy - ProCon.org". Alternative Energy. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  14. "Research Gate | Profile | Michael Wang".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. "Life-Cycle Analysis | Argonne National Laboratory". www.anl.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  16. Wang, Quanlu; DeLuchi, Mark A (1992-04-01). "Impacts of electric vehicles on primary energy consumption and petroleum displacement". Energy. 17 (4): 351–366. doi:10.1016/0360-5442(92)90110-L. ISSN 0360-5442.
  17. Wang, Michael; Lee, Hanjie; Molburg, John (January 2004). "Allocation of energy use in petroleum refineries to petroleum products: Implications for Life-Cyde energy use and emission inventory of petroleum transportation fuels". The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. 9 (1): 34–44. doi:10.1007/BF02978534. ISSN 0948-3349.
  18. Burnham, Andrew; Han, Jeongwoo; Clark, Corrie E.; Wang, Michael; Dunn, Jennifer B.; Palou-Rivera, Ignasi (2012-01-17). "Life-Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Shale Gas, Natural Gas, Coal, and Petroleum". Environmental Science & Technology. 46 (2): 619–627. doi:10.1021/es201942m. ISSN 0013-936X.
  19. Elgowainy, Amgad; Han, Jeongwoo; Cai, Hao; Wang, Michael; Forman, Grant S.; DiVita, Vincent B. (2014-07-01). "Energy Efficiency and Greenhouse Gas Emission Intensity of Petroleum Products at U.S. Refineries". Environmental Science & Technology. 48 (13): 7612–7624. doi:10.1021/es5010347. ISSN 0013-936X.
  20. Well-to-Wheels Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emission Analysis of Bio-Blended High-Octane Fuels for High-Efficiency Engines
  21. "The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update". U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the Chief Economist, Office of Energy Policy and New Uses.
  22. Wang, Michael; Wu, May; Huo, Hong (April 2007). "Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant types". Environmental Research Letters. 2 (2): 024001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/2/2/024001. ISSN 1748-9326.
  23. Wang, Michael; Han, Jeongwoo; Dunn, Jennifer B; Cai, Hao; Elgowainy, Amgad (2012-12-01). "Well-to-wheels energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of ethanol from corn, sugarcane and cellulosic biomass for US use". Environmental Research Letters. 7 (4): 045905. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/045905. ISSN 1748-9326.
  24. Chen, Rui; Qin, Zhangcai; Han, Jeongwoo; Wang, Michael; Taheripour, Farzad; Tyner, Wallace; O'Connor, Don; Duffield, James (2018-03-01). "Life cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission effects of biodiesel in the United States with induced land use change impacts". Bioresource Technology. 251: 249–258. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2017.12.031. ISSN 0960-8524.
  25. Wang, Michael; Huo, Hong; Arora, Salil (2011-10-01). "Methods of dealing with co-products of biofuels in life-cycle analysis and consequent results within the U.S. context". Energy Policy. Sustainability of biofuels. 39 (10): 5726–5736. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.03.052. ISSN 0301-4215.
  26. Cai, Hao; Han, Jeongwoo; Wang, Michael; Davis, Ryan; Biddy, Mary; Tan, Eric (September 2018). "Life-cycle analysis of integrated biorefineries with co-production of biofuels and bio-based chemicals: co-product handling methods and implications: Co-product handling methods and implications of life-cycle analysis of biofuel and bio-chemical co-producing biorefineries". Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. 12 (5): 815–833. doi:10.1002/bbb.1893.
  27. de Jong, Sierk; Antonissen, Kay; Hoefnagels, Ric; Lonza, Laura; Wang, Michael; Faaij, André; Junginger, Martin (2017-03-14). "Life-cycle analysis of greenhouse gas emissions from renewable jet fuel production". Biotechnology for Biofuels. 10 (1): 64. doi:10.1186/s13068-017-0739-7. ISSN 1754-6834. PMC 5348797. PMID 28293294.
  28. "Michael Wang - Google Scholar Citations". scholar.google.com. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  29. 29.0 29.1 "BETO Director Ranks #6 in Biofuels Digest's Top 100 People in the Advanced Bioeconomy". Energy.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  30. 30.0 30.1 "The Top 100 People in Bioenergy, 2012-13 : Biofuels Digest". Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  31. 31.0 31.1 "The Top 100 People in Bioenergy : Biofuels Digest". Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  32. Liu, Xinyu; Reddi, Krishna; Elgowainy, Amgad; Lohse-Busch, Henning; Wang, Michael; Rustagi, Neha (January 2020). "Comparison of well-to-wheels energy use and emissions of a hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle relative to a conventional gasoline-powered internal combustion engine vehicle". International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 45 (1): 972–983. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.10.192.
  33. Wang, M (2002-10-24). "Fuel choices for fuel-cell vehicles: well-to-wheels energy and emission impacts". Journal of Power Sources. 112 (1): 307–321. doi:10.1016/s0378-7753(02)00447-0. ISSN 0378-7753.
  34. Kelly, Jarod C.; Dai, Qiang; Wang, Michael (2019-08-28). "Globally regional life cycle analysis of automotive lithium-ion nickel manganese cobalt batteries". Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. doi:10.1007/s11027-019-09869-2. ISSN 1381-2386.
  35. Dai, Qiang; Kelly, Jarod C.; Gaines, Linda; Wang, Michael (2019-06-01). "Life Cycle Analysis of Lithium-Ion Batteries for Automotive Applications". Batteries. 5 (2): 48. doi:10.3390/batteries5020048. ISSN 2313-0105.
  36. WANG, Q; DELUCHI, M (April 1992). "Impacts of electric vehicles on primary energy consumption and petroleum displacement". Energy. 17 (4): 351–366. doi:10.1016/0360-5442(92)90110-l. ISSN 0360-5442.
  37. Wang, Quanlu; DeLuchi, Mark A.; Sperling, Daniel (1990-09-01). "Emission Impacts of Electric Vehicles". Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association. 40 (9): 1275–1284. doi:10.1080/10473289.1990.10466782. ISSN 1047-3289.
  38. Wang, Quanlu; Sperling, Daniel; Olmstead, Janis (1993-08-01). "Emission Control Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative-Fuel Vehicles". Sperling. Warrendale, PA.
  39. Zheng, Yali; He, Xiaoyi; Wang, Hewu; Wang, Michael; Zhang, Shaojun; Ma, Dong; Wang, Binggang; Wu, Ye (2019-11-21). "Well-to-wheels greenhouse gas and air pollutant emissions from battery electric vehicles in China". Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. doi:10.1007/s11027-019-09890-5. ISSN 1573-1596.
  40. Gan, Yu; El-Houjeiri, Hassan M.; Badahdah, Alhassan; Lu, Zifeng; Cai, Hao; Przesmitzki, Steven; Wang, Michael (2020-02-11). "Carbon footprint of global natural gas supplies to China". Nature Communications. 11 (1): 1–9. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-14606-4. ISSN 2041-1723.
  41. Xie, Xiaomin; Zhang, Tingting; Wang, Michael; Huang, Zhen (2019-08-20). "Impact of shale gas development on regional water resources in China from water footprint assessment view". Science of The Total Environment. 679: 317–327. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.069. ISSN 0048-9697.
  42. Masnadi, Mohammad S.; El-Houjeiri, Hassan M.; Schunack, Dominik; Li, Yunpo; Englander, Jacob G.; Badahdah, Alhassan; Monfort, Jean-Christophe; Anderson, James E.; Wallington, Timothy J.; Bergerson, Joule A.; Gordon, Deborah (2018-08-31). "Global carbon intensity of crude oil production". Science. 361 (6405): 851–853. doi:10.1126/science.aar6859. ISSN 0036-8075.
  43. Jin, Yue-Fu; Wang, Zhao; Gong, Hui-Ming; Zheng, Tian-Lei; Bao, Xiang; Fan, Jia-Rui; Wang, Michael; Guo, Miao (2015-06-01). "Review and evaluation of China's standards and regulations on the fuel consumption of motor vehicles". Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. 20 (5): 735–753. doi:10.1007/s11027-015-9636-1. ISSN 1573-1596.
  44. "AMF". amf-tcp.org. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  45. https://www.uscar.org/guest/index.php
  46. 46.0 46.1 46.2 "Awards & Recognition | Argonne National Laboratory". www.anl.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  47. "DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program: 2008 Annual Merit Review Awards". www.hydrogen.energy.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  48. "DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program: 2005 Annual Merit Review Awards". www.hydrogen.energy.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  49. "Online Directory". www.mytrb.org. Retrieved 2020-04-30.

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