Martin Hamilton

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Martin Hamilton
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CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
OccupationComputer scientist
  • Loughborough University
  • HPC Midlands
  • Jisc
Known forInventing the "www." naming convention
AwardsFellow of the British Computer Society (2008)

Martin Hamilton is a British computer scientist who is notable for having coined the "www." naming convention for websites. He is Principal at, a digital innovation consulting practice.


Hamilton published original research on how IP multicast could be applied to Internet resource discovery.[1], such as allowing massively parallel searching of online databases[2]. He has been active in a number of Internet Engineering Task Force working groups[3], ultimately co-authoring RFC 2219[4] which established the "www." convention for naming websites.

Hamilton has worked on web caching, including setting up an online community for UK universities experimenting with the technique to make the best use of scarce bandwidth as the Web began to take off in the mid 1990s[5]. Hamilton was technical lead on the JANET Web Cache Service[6], which provided a national network level cache facility for UK universities and colleges. His contributions included modifications to the Linux kernel and Squid web proxy software[7].

Hamilton co-wrote the ROADS software for eLib, the UK electronic libraries programme[8]. This was used by a number of subject gateway services which provided a Yahoo Directory style view of Internet resources curated by staff with expert domain knowledge[9].

Hamilton would go on to develop an interest in cloud computing[10], co-founding a series of Google for Education user group conferences which were held in Loughborough (GUUG11), Portsmouth (GEUG12) and York (GEUG14). He also worked as Centre Manager for HPC Midlands, an award winning supercomputing centre for research and industry[11].

Hamilton led Jisc's innovation lab, working as a Futurist and steering the direction of the company's overall R&D activities[12]. These included surveys on research infrastructures[13] and a series of horizon scanning reports[14].

In January 2020 Hamilton left Jisc to start his own digital innovation consulting practice[15].

Public engagement

Hamilton has been a judge for the Times Higher Education Awards[16] and the Edtech 50 Awards[17] and has presented extensively[18] about the potential of emerging technologies in research and education. In January 2019 he gave evidence to the British Parliament's Education Select Committee on the role of technology in the classroom[19], stating that: "If we’re going to throw technology into education anywhere, it should be at literacy and numeracy", and noting the importance of investment in digital infrastructure such as Wi-Fi that underpins more sophisticated education technology applications[20].


Hamilton has written articles about the implications for research and education of COVID-19[21], Industry 4.0[22] blockchain[23] and artificial intelligence[24] and been interviewed by publications such as The Telegraph[25], Nature[26], Wired UK[27] and The Big Issue[28]. Hamilton also writes a regular column for CILIP's Information Professional magazine[29] and contributed to Sir Anthony Seldon's book on artificial intelligence in education, The Fourth Education Revolution[30].


Hamilton was made a Fellow of the British Computer Society in 2008, in recognition of his contributions to the field.

In the media



  1. Hamilton, Martin (1995). "Research Opportunities for Multicast Resource Discovery". Loughborough University Computer Studies Technical Report. LUT CS-TR 974 – via ResearchGate.
  2. Valkenberg, Peter; Beckett, Dave; Hamilton, Martin; Wilkinson, Simon (September 1998). "Standards in the CHIC-Pilot distributed indexing architecture". Computer Networks and ISDN Systems. Elsevier. 30 (16–18): 1571–1578. doi:10.1016/S0169-7552(98)00218-9. ISSN 0169-7552.
  3. Hamilton, Martin. "Martin Hamilton's IETF working group contributions". IETF Datatracker.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. Hamilton, Martin; Wright, Russ (October 1997). "Use of DNS Aliases for Network Services". Internet Engineering Task Force. RFC 2219. Retrieved 2020-08-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. Knight, Jon; Hamilton, Martin (1996). "Cashing in on caching". Ariadne (4). ISSN 1361-3200.
  6. Neisser, George (December 1999). "The National JANET Web Cache: Progress Report". Ariadne (22). ISSN 1361-3200.
  7. Hamilton, Martin (June 2001). "Heartbeat and Linux Virtual Server". Linux 2001 - Linux Developers' Conference. UKUUG.
  8. Hamilton, Martin (2016). "Back to the moon - eLib and the future of the library". Ariadne (75). ISSN 1361-3200.
  9. Kelly, Brian; Macleod, Roddy (January 1999). "Subject-Based Information Gateways In The UK". Proceedings of WWW9 conference.
  10. Hamilton, Martin (May 2011). "A River of Clouds: Reflections on guug11, the Google Apps for Education UK User Group event". Association for Learning Technology.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. Loughborough University (January 2014). "HPC Midlands - The Future is Here". Loughborough University.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. Hamilton, Martin (June 2015). "A year of living in the future". EDUCAUSE Review. EDUCAUSE.
  13. "UK National e-Infrastructure Reports - 2014, 2015, 2017". HPC-SIG.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  14. Hamilton, Martin (October 2018). "Horizon scanning". Jisc website.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. Hamilton, Martin (January 2020). "Today was my last day at Jisc - it's been a fantastic nearly-six years!". LinkedIn post.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. Hamilton, Martin (November 2014). "Celebrating outstanding ICT in UK higher education". Jisc blog.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. Parker, Kate (February 2018). "Revealed: The 50 people, projects and products shaping the UK's ed tech". TES.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. "Some presentations by Martin Hamilton". SlideShare. Retrieved 2020-08-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. UK Parliament (January 2019). "The role of technology in the classroom examined". Education Committee.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  20. Hamilton, Martin (January 2019). "Jisc presents to MPs on education's role in Industry 4.0". Jisc website.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. Hamilton, Martin (March 2020). "Universities need to lead on the responses to COVID-19". University World News.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  22. Hamilton, Martin (November 2019). "The time is now – tomorrow's industries are here today". Education Technology.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  23. Hamilton, Martin (January 2019). "Of modems and pixie dust – blockchain demystified". UKSG Insights. 32 (1). doi:10.1629/uksg.447.
  24. Hamilton, Martin (May 2018). "Cheating 2.0: Beware the darker side of AI". TES.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  25. Pozniak, Helena (March 2019). "How do you fill the STEM skills gap? Go for creatives and career changers". The Telegraph.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  26. Extance, Andy (December 2017). "Could Bitcoin technology help science?". Nature.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  27. Burgess, Matt (October 2017). "Krack has broken Wi-Fi security... but it's not all doom and gloom". Wired UK.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. Burgess, Matt (January 2018). "Welcome to the future: the tech we can expect in 2018". The Big Issue.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  29. Hamilton, Martin (August 2020). "Articles by Martin Hamilton in Information Professional". Information Professional. CILIP.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  30. Seldon, Anthony; Abidoye, Oladimeji (2018). The Fourth Education Revolution: Will Artificial Intelligence Liberate Or Infantilise Humanity. Legend Press. ISBN 190868495X.

External links

This article "Martin Hamilton" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical. Articles taken from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be accessed on Wikipedia's Draft Namespace.