Jargalsaikhan Dambadarjaa

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Jargalsaikhan Dambadarjaa
Дамбадаржаагийн Жаргалсайхан
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Other namesJargal Defacto
  • Diploma in economics
  • MBA
Alma mater
  • Moscow State University
  • University of Denver
  • Economist
  • Television host
  • Writer
  • Political commentator
AwardsTransparency Award[1]

Jargalsaikhan Dambadarjaa (Mongolian: Дамбадаржаагийн Жаргалсайхан, Dambadarjaagiĭn Jargalsaĭkhan; also known as Jargal or Jargal Defacto) is an independent Mongolian economist, television host, writer, and political commentator.[2][3][4] He is a founder of the Ulaanbaatar-based think tank The Defacto Institute.[5]

Education and early career

Jargal first attended the University of Tashkent as a Russian student before transferring to Moscow State University where he graduated with a diploma in economics in 1984.[6] He was part of the pro-democracy activist group during Mongolia’s 1990 democratic revolution.[7][8] Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, he worked in Mongolia in various sectors, including banking, finance, tourism, and public service.[9] In 2002, he completed his MBA from the University of Denver.[10] He has also served as president of the Economic Club of Ulaanbaatar.[11]

DeFacto media

Jargal operates the Defacto media organization which includes the influential media portal JargalDefacto.com.[12] The website hosts video from Defacto Interview, Defacto Review, and Defacto Debate, along with digital versions of his weekly newspaper columns.[13]

“Defacto Interview” (Дэфакто Ярилцлага) is a long-running talk show hosted by Jargal. Interviews are conducted in either Mongolian, Russian, or English. Past guests have included Mongolian and international authors, scholars, politicians, diplomats, business leaders, and world figures.[14][15][16] “Defacto Review” (Дефакто тойм) is a news-commentary show that is broadcasted weekly on Mongolian television, as well as live-streamed online. Two versions of the show—in Mongolian and English—are produced. The show features a revolving set of hosts and commentators, including Jargal himself.[17] “Defacto Debates” (Дефакто Мэтгэлцээн) began in 2017 and are a first-of-their-kind televised debate show moderated by Jargal.[18] Topics have ranged from good governance and ger district air pollution, to fintech and the 2020 Mongolian parliamentary elections. Jargal also regularly hosts the Mongolian-language “Defacto Radio” show on Business Radio 98.9FM in Ulaanbaatar.[19][20]



  • 2014: The Creation of New Wealth: Discussions on a Transitional Economy (ISBN 978-99973-955-1-1)
  • 2014: Our Country Is in Our Hands: Discussions on Society and Role of Individuals (ISBN 978-99973-955-0-4)
  • 2014: The Secret of Smart Government: Discussions on the Making of Good Public Governance (ISBN 978-99973-955-2-8)
  • 2019: Economic Freedom: Articles on the Economy
  • 2019: Individual Freedom: Articles on Society and the Individual
  • 2019: Political Freedom: Articles on Public Governance

Personal life

Jargal is fluent in Mongolian, Russian, and English. He lives with his wife in Ulaanbaatar.[21]


  1. "Transparency Award 2017 Шагналын эзэн тодорлоо". Transparency International-Mongolia.
  2. Denyer, Simon (26 June 2018). "Mongolian democracy has a familiar ailment, and it's all about money". Washington Post.
  3. Geoghegan, Peter (3 September 2014). "Life in Ulaanbaatar's tent city is hard – but Mongolians won't give up their gers". The Guardian.
  4. "Mongolia votes in presidential polls amid mining debate". BBC. 26 June 2013.
  5. "About Us". The Defacto Institute.
  6. "Student's mission". JDF. 20 November 2013.
  7. Campbell, Matthew; Edwards, Terrence (25 September 2019). "Mongolia's President Is a Genghis Khan-Idolizing Trump of the Steppe". Bloomberg Businessweek.
  8. "Student's mission". JDF. 20 November 2013.
  9. "Advisory Board". UCL Anthropology: Emerging Subjects Project.
  10. "Jargalsaikhan Dambadarjaa". World Economic Forum.
  11. "The path to prosperity in Ulaanbaatar". JOC.com. Journal of Commerce. 6 August 2015.
  12. Denyer, Simon (26 June 2018). "Mongolian democracy has a familiar ailment, and it's all about money". Washington Post.
  13. "JDF". JDF.
  14. "Jargal DeFacto has an all-round talk with Estonia's Prime Minister". UB Post. 28 July 2016.
  15. "His Holiness Dalai Lama XIV (Part I)". JDF.
  16. "Ярилцлага". JDF (in Mongolian).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  17. "About Us". The Defacto Institute.
  18. Ariunbold, Bayanmunkh (18 October 2017). "Political Party Financing in Mongolia: A Road to Grand Corruption?". The Asia Foundation.
  19. "Lessons from the Democratic Transition in Mongolia: 25 Years After Revolution". Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation. 8 March 2018.
  20. "Business Radio 98.9". business-radio.mn.
  21. "Дефактогийн тухай". JDF (in Mongolian).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)

External Links

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