Jafar Ali Khan

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Khan Bahadur

Jafar Ali Khan

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BornMirza Jafar Ali Khan
July 12, 1885
Lucknow, U.P., India
DiedLucknow, U.P., India
Resting placeKarbala Mir Khuda Baksh, Lucknow
Pen nameAsar Lakhnawi
Alma materCanning College
Notable awards
  • Padma Bhushan 1962
  • Khan Bahadur, 1936
  • M.B.E, 1939

A poet, critic, commentator and lexicographer, Nawab Mirza Jafar Ali Khan “Asar Lakhnawi" was born on 12th July 1885 in Katra Abu Turab Khan locality of Lucknow to an opulent family. Known as Meer-e-Sani (The Second Meer Taqi Meer) in the literary circles, he was a disciple of Hazrat Azeez Lakhnawi.


Jafar Ali Khan was born on July 12, 1885 to Hakeem Nawab Fazle Husain Khan. Was married to Nawab Fatima Begum with whom he had six daughters. His literally works were pursued further by his son-on-law Syed Ali Irshad Naqvi, who was ex-principal Shia Degree College, Lucknow.

He was fifth in line descendant of Khan e Allamah, Allamah Tafazzul Husain Khan, the famous Wazir and ambassador to British in the period of Nawab Asaf ud Daulah and Nawab Saadat Ali Khan of Oudh. Like his ancestor Allamah Tafazzul Husain Khan, Mirza Jafar Ali Khan was a polyglot and apart from Arabic and Persian which was taught to him privately in his home, he was well versed in English, Hindi and Sanskrit.


He started his studies from Jubilee College, Lucknow and completed High School in 1902. Thereafter he moved to the famous Canning College, Lucknow, passed Intermediate examination in 1904 and graduated in 1906.


He started his professional career in the year 1909. He was appointed Deputy Collector in 1909 and started his career from Seetapore, served Hardoi, Sultanur, Cawnpore, Allahabad districts. In 1935 he was confirmed as Collector and retired as Collector from Allahabad in 1940 but was re-appointed as Additional Commissioner Allahabad division. After retirement from his services he was appointed as Minister.[1] at the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir and served as Prime Minister for around six months as well.


  • He was awarded with the title of Khan Bahadur on January 1, 1936 by the British for his distinguished services. *He was appointed to be Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire(M.B.E) in 1939 .[2]
  • He was awarded Padma Bhushan[3] by the Government of India in the year 1962.
  • He was bestowed with the Ghalib Award by the State of Uttar Pradesh.

Literary Works


Asaristan, Baharan, Naubaharan.


Lala o Gul


Rang e Bist, Uroos e Fitrat Translation of Bhagwat Gita (poetic Urdu) Naghma e Javed

Commentaries and Criticism

Mazameer, Chaan Been, Mutala e Ghalib, Anees ki Marsiya Nigari.


Farhang e Asar[4] (In four Volumes).


After a protracted illness,affected already by two brain strokes,after the third stroke ,died at his residence of Kashmiri Mohalla on June 6, 1967 and was buried in the Karbala Mir Khuda Baksh at Lucknow.


  1. "Hoare Leaves Madrid". Indian Express. No. Madras. 14 Nov 1940. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  2. "The London Gazette, p17". His Majesty's Stationery Office.
  3. "Padma Bhushan".
  4. Mahapatra, B. P. (1989). Constitutional Languages. p. 604. ISBN 9782763771861. Retrieved 1 November 2021.

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