Intensive energy industries

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Energy intensive industries are industrial sectors which require a high amount of energy for product fabrication. Energy costs, hence, contribute to a significant part of the production costs. The high energy demand often stems from a need for excessive heat at certain stages in the production line. Whether an industrial sector accounts as energy intensive depends on the energy intensity of their business

Examples for energy intensive industries include: Steel, Aluminium, Ceramics, Chemical Industry, Brick, Glass Production, Cement, Paper

Energy intensive industries in the European Union

In the European Union, for instance, energy intensive industries consume more than 50% of the overall energy usage.[1] This energy derives from fossil fuels making energy intensive industries one of the largest CO2 emitters.[2] There is hence a great focus on improving the energy efficiency of these industrial sectors as the EU wants to reach climate neutrality by 2050.[3] To this end, the High Level Group on Energy-Intensive Industries has formed, a registered commission expert group[4] to advice the European Commission on policy changes.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 European Commission, Internal Market, Industry, Enterpreneurship and SMEs > Industry > Industria policy. "Energy-intensive industries".
  2. Ecologic Institute. "Energy-intensive Industries. Challenges and opportunities in energy transition" (PDF).
  3. European Commission. "Press release: Committing to climate-neutrality by 2050: Commission proposes European Climate Law and consults on the European Climate Pact".
  4. Register of commission expert groups. "High Level expert Group on energy-intensive industries (E03326)".

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