Hip hop music

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Hip hop music or hip-hop music, also known as rap music, is a form of popular music that was established in the United States by inner-city African Americans and Latino Americans in the Bronx borough of New York City in the 1970s. This genre of music is also known as rap music. Rapping is a kind of rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted, and it is often accompanied with rap music, which consists of stylized rhythmic music (that is typically formed around drum beats). It evolved as a component of hip hop culture, which is a subculture that is characterised by four primary aesthetic elements: MCing (also known as rapping), DJing (also known as scratching with turntables), break dancing, and graffiti writing. Other components include rhythmic beatboxing and the sampling of beats or bass lines from recordings (or the synthesis of beats and sounds, respectively). The term "hip hop" is most accurately used to refer to the full activity of the subculture, despite the fact that it is often used to refer just to rapping. Rapping is not a necessary component of hip hop music; the genre may also incorporate other elements of hip hop culture, such as DJing, turntablism, scratching, beatboxing, and instrumental tracks. The term "hip hop music" is sometimes used synonymously with the term "rap music," despite the fact that rapping is not a required component of hip hop music.

Block parties in New York City, especially among African American adolescents living in the Bronx, grew more popular throughout the 1970s, which contributed to the formation of hip hop as both a musical genre and a culture. Hip hop was born at this time. DJs played percussion breaks of popular songs at block parties using two turntables and a DJ mixer so that they could play breaks from two versions of the same record, rotating from one to the other and stretching the "break." This was done to make the breaks last longer. The first stages of progression in hip hop coincided with the widespread availability and decreasing cost of sampling technologies and drum machines. Along with the development of the breaks, turntablist methods like as scratching and beatmatching came into existence. Additionally, Jamaican toasting, a kind of chanting vocal style, was used over the beats. Rap began as a vocal style in which the singer would speak or chant along rhythmically with an instrumental or synthetic beat. Today, rap is considered to be a subgenre of hip hop.

It was not until 1979 that hip hop music was officially recorded for broadcast on radio or television. This was primarily owing to the fact that there was a lack of acceptance of the genre outside of ghetto districts when it was first developing. Old school hip hop was the first major wave of the genre and was distinguished by the disco influence and party-oriented lyrics that characterised its music. The decade of the 1980s was significant for the development of hip hop as a genre, since it was during this time that hip hop evolved into forms that were more sophisticated and spread over the globe. Golden age hip hop was an inventive time between the mid-1980s and the mid-1990s that also produced hip hop's own album era. New school hip hop was the genre's second wave, and it was distinguished by its electro sound. It was the period that led into Golden age hip hop. During this time period, the subgenre of rap known as gangsta rap gained prominence. Gangsta rap mostly focuses on the violent lives and destitute situations of African-American teenagers living in inner-city areas. During the early to middle part of the 1990s, G-funk was the predominant style of hip hop on the West Coast. On the East Coast, jazz rap, alternative hip hop, and hardcore rap were the predominant styles. At this time, several regional varieties of hip hop were beginning to emerge, such as Southern rap and Atlanta hip hop. Hip hop was continuing to develop as a genre. By the middle of the 1990s, hip hop had established itself as one of the most popular music genres, and by 1999, it had become the most popular music genre overall.