Hip hop, often known as hip-hop, is a cultural and art movement that originated in the Bronx, New York City, and was founded by African Americans, Latino Americans, and Caribbean Americans. The origin of the name is a subject of much debate. There is also debate about whether hip hop originated in the South Bronx or the West Bronx. Despite the fact that the term "hip hop" is often used to refer exclusively to hip hop music (including rap), hip hop is defined by four key elements: "rapping," which is a rhythmic vocal rhyming style (orality); DJing (and turntablism), which is the practise of creating music with record players and DJ mixers (aural/sound, and music creation); b-boying/b-girling/breakdancing (movement and dance); and graffiti. Also include hip hop culture and knowledge of history of the movement (intellectual and philosophical); beatboxing, a percussive vocal technique; street entrepreneurship; hip hop vocabulary, as well as fashion and style associated with the movement, among others. Although the definition of the fifth ingredient is debatable, it is generally accepted to be either street knowledge, hip hop fashion, or beatboxing.
Neighborhood block parties hosted by the Black Spades, an African-American organisation that has been characterised as being "a gang" as well as "a club" and "a music group," gave birth to the Bronx hip hop movement in its early years, in the mid-1970s. DJ Kool Herc and Cindy Campbell, a brother-sister pair who also held DJ events in the Bronx, are credited with helping to popularise the genre. Rap culture has expanded to both urban and suburban areas throughout the United States, and subsequently across the globe as a whole. This was especially true when the art forms expanded to other continents and blended with local trends throughout the 1990s and following decades. Even though the movement continues to grow worldwide and explore a wide range of genres and creative forms, such as hip hop theatre and hip hop cinema, the four fundamental components of hip hop culture continue to offer consistency and a solid basis for the movement's overall development. A new and old phenomenon, hip hop has been around for a long time; the importance placed on the art form of sampling tracks, beats, and basslines from old records means that much of hip hop culture has revolved around the idea of updating classic recordings for modern audiences, as well as updating classic attitudes and experiences for modern audiences. Flipping is a term used in hip hop culture to describe the process of taking previous culture and utilising it in a new context or style. Music based in African-American culture and Latino heritage such as blues, jazz, rag-time, funk, salsa, and disco have all influenced hip hop, which has grown to become one of the most widely practised genres in the world.