Giomo Trichilo, in the civil registry Girolamo Trichilo (Siderno Superiore, January 17th 1847 – May 23rd, 1933), was an Italian poet.
Giomo Trichilo was a dialectal poet from the Italian southern Region of Calabria, born in Siderno Superiore (department of Reggio Calabria ), son of Michelangelo Trichilo and Carmela Fragomeno.
Of lowly social origin, he was able to express in an excellent way the poetry of his land, with particular reference to the social aspects of Calabria in the period following the Italian unification (namely, after 1861), condemning the situations of poverty, migration and the oppression by the local aristocracy; however, he also wrote verses in support of the Italian royal family and of the war in Libya (1911-1912) (No matter how bloody the battle was, up for our King and long live Italy!).
He got married with Caterina Moschilla, a woman of the same social background, eleven years younger than him; the couple had seven children, four males and three females.
He was moved by a strong religious sentiment and by a sense of compassion for the humankind that earned him popularity and esteem.
He died from pneumonia at the age of 86. His tomb, as he requested, was adorned by a simple iron cross with the inscription ‘Trichilo Girolamo – Poet’.
Not all his vast artistic production has been published, as many of his verses were only orally transmitted.
Enzo D’Agostino, in the introduction to the book mentioned in the Bibliography, defines Giomo as a person open to the experience of beauty and adventure, considering him a fertile poet, with an easy style, a strong sense of friendship, and capable of expressing his sympathy for humankind. He also notes his sarcastic vein, for example in a poem against the Siderno clergy as a cause of scandal; at the same time, he recognizes his religious devotion, as in the case of the poem dedicated to Saint Francis from Paola. D’Agostino observes as well the fluency of his poetic rhythm, that sometimes could be sung as a song thanks to its musicality.
In “Calabrian literature” (see Note n. 2) Antonio Piromalli affirms that Trichilo during his entire life is a testimony to the cultural and social life in Calabria throughout the post Italian unification time, the so-called Liberal era and fascism, noting that his ideology matured by virtue of his direct contact with everyday experience of common people. According to him, his poetic style defines a vigorous and fatalistic collective psychology.
In his honor, the book “Selected Poems” was published and the Giomo Trichilo literary prize has been established (15 editions have been held so far).
- S. Albanese, R. Ritorto Poesie Scelte, Siderno, 1983.
- Pasquino Crupi, Agenda Letteraria Calabrese, pag.12
- Antonio Piromalli, La letteratura Calabrese, Vol.1, capo VII, pag.365-367
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