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Choreography is the art or practise of creating sequences of motions for physical bodies (or their representations) in which motion or form (or a combination of motion and form) are defined. The term "choreography" may also refer to the actual design. A choreographer is a person who creates choreographies through the practise of the art of choreography, which is known to as the process of choreographing. A wide range of disciplines, including ballet, opera, musical theatre, cheerleading and cinematography as well as gymnastics, fashion shows, figure skating, marching bands, show choirs, stage performances, synchronised swimming, cardistry, video game production, and animated art, use choreography to some extent. Choreography is a term that refers to the use of human movement and shape in the performing arts. Choreography is sometimes referred to as dance choreography or dance composition in the world of dance.

The term choreography literally translates as "dance-writing," and it comes from the Greek words "o" (circular dance; see choreia) and "" (dance writing) (writing). This word had its first appearance in the American English lexicon in the 1950s, while "choreographer" was originally used as a credit for George Balanchine in the Broadway production On Your Toes, which premiered in 1936. Ahead of this, the choreographer was identified by terms such as "ensembles staged by," "dances staged by," or simply "Dances By" in stage credits and movie credits, among other things.