Auke Ijspeert

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Professor

Auke Jan Ijspeert
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Born1971 (age 49–50)
Geneva, Switzerland
NationalityDutch
CitizenshipNetherlands
Academic background
EducationPhysics
Alma materÉcole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
Doctoral advisorJohn Hallam
David Willshawa
Other academic advisorsMichael A. Arbib
Stefan Schaal
Jean-Daniel Nicoud
Luca Maria Gambardella
Academic work
DisciplineNeuroscience
Sub-disciplineRobotics
InstitutionsÉcole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)
Main interestsBiorobotics
Computational neuroscience
Locomotion
Central pattern generator
Websitehttps://www.epfl.ch/labs/biorob/

Auke Jan Ijspeert (born 1971 in Geneva) is a Switzerland Dutch Robotics and neuroscientist. He is a professor of Biological engineering at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, and the head of the Biorobotics Laboratory at the School of Engineering.

Career

He has studied physics at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne and earned a Master's degree in 1995. He joined John Hallam and David Willshaw at the University of Edinburgh as a doctoral student, and in 1999 graduated with a PhD in artificial intelligence on "Design of artificial neural oscillatory circuits for the control of lamprey- and salamander-like locomotion using evolutionary algorithms".[1][2] He worked as a postdoctoral researcher with Michael A. Arbib and Stefan Schaal at University of Southern California (USC),[3][4] and then with Jean-Daniel Nicoud at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne and with Luca Maria Gambardella at the Dalle Molle Institute for Artificial Intelligence Research (IDSIA).[5]

In 2001, he became a research assistant professor at the Department of Computer Science of the University of Southern California, and an external collaborator at Kansai Science City(Advanced Telecommunications Research institute) in Japan.[6] From 2003 to 2017, he was an adjunct faculty Department of Computer Science of the University of Southern California. In 2002, he received Swiss National Science Foundation assistant professorship at the School of Computer and Communication Sciences of École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. In 2009, he was named associate professor at EPFL's School of Engineering, and in 2016 he was promoted as full professor.

Research

The Ijspeert group's Transdisciplinarity research is situated at the intersection of robotics, computational neuroscience, nonlinear dynamical systems, and Machine learning.[7] Employing numerical simulations and Robot, they aim at a better understanding of animal locomotion and movement control, and by taking inspiration in nature, they design new types of robots and locomotion controllers.[8][9] Their research was also featured in public presentation such as TED (conference).minds.[10][11]

Their research is focused on computational aspects of locomotion control, sensorimotor coordination, and learning in animals and in robots. Furthermore, their research focuses also on rehabilitation robotics, such as Exoskeleton, and in locomotion restoration. Their interests extent to research projects in the areas such as neuromechanical simulations of locomotion and movement control;[12] systems of coupled nonlinear oscillators for locomotion control;[13][14] design and control of amphibious,[15] legged,[16] and reconfigurable robots;[17] and, control of humanoid robots,[18] exoskeletons.[19][20][21][22]

Distinctions

Ijspeert is an IEEE Fellow.[23] He is a member of the board of reviewing editors of Science Magazine, and for the International Journal of Humanoid Robotics.[24] He has been an associate editor for the IEEE Transactions on Robotics (2009-2013) and a guest editor for the Proceedings of IEEE, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Autonomous Robots, IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine, and Biological Cybernetics. He is a recipient of the Young Professorship Award (2002), the Young Researcher Scholarship (1999), and the Young Researcher Scholarship all awarded from the Swiss National Science Foundation (1995).[25] He also received the Marie Curie Scholarship from the European Commission (1997).[26]

References

  1. Ijspeert, Auke Jan (1999). Design of artificial neural oscillatory circuits for the control of lamprey- and salamander-like locomotion using evolutionary algorithms (Ph.D. thesis). University of Edinburgh.
  2. Ijspeert, Auke Jan; Hallam, John; Willshaw, David (2016-07-25). "Evolving Swimming Controllers for a Simulated Lamprey with Inspiration from Neurobiology:". Adaptive Behavior. doi:10.1177/105971239900700202.
  3. "Visual tracking in simulated salamander locomotion", From Animals to Animats 6, The MIT Press, 2000, ISBN 978-0-262-31607-1, retrieved 2020-12-03
  4. Ijspeert, Auke Jan; Arbib, Michael A. (2000-10-16). "Locomotion and visually guided behavior in salamander: a neuromechanical study". Sensor Fusion and Decentralized Control in Robotic Systems III. International Society for Optics and Photonics. 4196: 62–71. doi:10.1117/12.403749.
  5. Ijspeert, Auke Jan; Martinoli, Alcherio; Billard, Aude; Gambardella, Luca Maria (2001-09-01). "Collaboration Through the Exploitation of Local Interactions in Autonomous Collective Robotics: The Stick Pulling Experiment". Autonomous Robots. 11 (2): 149–171. doi:10.1023/A:1011227210047. ISSN 1573-7527.
  6. Ijspeert, Auke Jan; Nakanishi, Jun; Hoffmann, Heiko; Pastor, Peter; Schaal, Stefan (February 2013). "Dynamical Movement Primitives: Learning Attractor Models for Motor Behaviors". Neural Computation. 25 (2): 328–373. doi:10.1162/neco_a_00393. ISSN 0899-7667.
  7. "Research". www.epfl.ch. Retrieved 2020-12-03.
  8. Ijspeert, A. J.; Crespi, A.; Ryczko, D.; Cabelguen, J.-M. (2007-03-09). "From Swimming to Walking with a Salamander Robot Driven by a Spinal Cord Model". Science. 315 (5817): 1416–1420. doi:10.1126/science.1138353. ISSN 0036-8075.
  9. Ijspeert, A. J. (2014-10-09). "Biorobotics: Using robots to emulate and investigate agile locomotion". Science. 346 (6206): 196–203. doi:10.1126/science.1254486. ISSN 0036-8075.
  10. Ijspeert, Auke, A robot that runs and swims like a salamander, retrieved 2020-12-03
  11. "Auke Ijspeert: Animal Locomotion – Learning from Robots (WORLD.MINDS MOBILITY 2018)". Youtube.
  12. Ijspeert, Auke Jan; Nakanishi, Jun; Hoffmann, Heiko; Pastor, Peter; Schaal, Stefan (February 2013). "Dynamical Movement Primitives: Learning Attractor Models for Motor Behaviors". Neural Computation. 25 (2): 328–373. doi:10.1162/neco_a_00393. ISSN 0899-7667.
  13. Dzeladini, Florin; van den Kieboom, Jesse; Ijspeert, Auke (2014-06-26). "The contribution of a central pattern generator in a reflex-based neuromuscular model". Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00371. ISSN 1662-5161.
  14. Minassian, Karen; Hofstoetter, Ursula S.; Dzeladini, Florin; Guertin, Pierre A.; Ijspeert, Auke (2017-03-28). "The Human Central Pattern Generator for Locomotion: Does It Exist and Contribute to Walking?". The Neuroscientist. 23 (6): 649–663. doi:10.1177/1073858417699790. ISSN 1073-8584.
  15. "Amphibious Robotics". www.epfl.ch. Retrieved 2020-12-07.
  16. "Quadruped Robotics". www.epfl.ch. Retrieved 2020-12-07.
  17. "Modular Robotics". www.epfl.ch. Retrieved 2020-12-07.
  18. "Humanoid Robotics". www.epfl.ch. Retrieved 2020-12-07.
  19. Noot, N. Van der; Colasanto, L.; Barrea, A.; Kieboom, J. van den; Ronsse, R.; Ijspeert, A. J. (September 2015). "Experimental validation of a bio-inspired controller for dynamic walking with a humanoid robot". 2015 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS): 393–400. doi:10.1109/IROS.2015.7353403.
  20. Wu, Amy R.; Dzeladini, Florin; Brug, Tycho J. H.; Tamburella, Federica; Tagliamonte, Nevio L.; van Asseldonk, Edwin; van der Kooij, Herman; Ijspeert, Auke J. (2017), González-Vargas, José; Ibáñez, Jaime; Contreras-Vidal, Jose L.; van der Kooij, Herman (eds.), "A Versatile Neuromuscular Exoskeleton Controller for Gait Assistance: A Preliminary Study on Spinal Cord Injury Patients", Wearable Robotics: Challenges and Trends, Cham: Springer International Publishing, 16, pp. 163–167, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-46532-6_27, ISBN 978-3-319-46531-9, retrieved 2020-12-07
  21. Dzeladini, F.; Wu, A. R.; Renjewski, D.; Arami, A.; Burdet, E.; Asseldonk, E. van; Kooij, H. van der; Ijspeert, A. J. (June 2016). "Effects of a neuromuscular controller on a powered ankle exoskeleton during human walking". 2016 6th IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (BioRob): 617–622. doi:10.1109/BIOROB.2016.7523694.
  22. Ijspeert, A. J. (2014-10-10). "Biorobotics: Using robots to emulate and investigate agile locomotion". Science. 346 (6206): 196–203. doi:10.1126/science.1254486. ISSN 0036-8075.
  23. "2020 IEEE RAS Fellow Class Announced - IEEE Robotics and Automation Society". www.ieee-ras.org. Retrieved 2020-12-07.
  24. "IJHR Editorial Board". www.worldscientific.com. Retrieved 2020-12-07.
  25. "Auke Jan Ijspeert". www.epfl.ch. Retrieved 2020-12-07.
  26. "Curriculum Vitae Auke Jan Ijspeert" (PDF). EPFL.

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