A big metropolitan metropolis on the North Island of New Zealand, Auckland is the country's largest city by population. Auckland, New Zealand's most populated metropolitan region, has a population of around 1,463,000 people, making it the most populous in the nation (June 2021). It is situated inside the Auckland Region, which encompasses outlying rural regions as well as the islands of the Hauraki Gulf and has a total population of 1,715,600 people. The Auckland Region is managed by the Auckland Council. Europeans still constitute the majority of Auckland's population, although it has evolved into a more multicultural and cosmopolitan metropolis since the late twentieth century, with Asians accounting for 31% of the city's population in 2018. Furthermore, Auckland is the home to the greatest Polynesian population in the whole globe. As a result of the popularity of its natural resources and geographical location, the Mori language term for Auckland is Tmaki Makaurau, which translates as "Tmaki sought for by many."
Auckland is located between the Hauraki Gulf to the east, the Hunua Ranges to the south-east, the Manukau Harbour to the south-west, and the Waitakere Ranges and smaller ranges to the west and north-west. The city is surrounded by mountains to the west and north-west, including the Waitakere Ranges and smaller ranges. Despite the fact that the surrounding hills are covered in rainforest, the area is peppered with 53 volcanic centres, which together make up the Auckland Volcanic Field. Between the Manukau Harbour on the Tasman Sea and the Waitemata Harbour on the Pacific Ocean, the core section of the metropolitan area is bounded by a short isthmus that serves as a waterway. Auckland is one of the few cities in the world to have a harbour on each of two main bodies of water, making it one of the most unique in the world.
The Institution of Auckland, which was established in 1883, is the country's biggest university. National historic sites, festivals, performing arts, sporting events, and a range of cultural institutions, such as the Auckland War Memorial Museum, the Museum of Transport and Technology, and the Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tmaki, are among the city's most popular tourist attractions. The Harbour Bridge, the Town Hall, the Ferry Building, and the Sky Tower are just a few of the city's architectural highlights. Auckland International Airport serves the city, which receives over 2 million international travellers every month. Despite the fact that it is one of the world's most expensive cities, Auckland is ranked third in the 2019 Mercer Quality of Living Survey and first in The Economist's global liveability index for 2021, despite the fact that it is one of the most expensive cities in the world.