William Reginald Grove

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William Reginald Grove
William Reginald Grove.jpg
Born13 January 1869
St Ives, Huntingdonshire
Died28 November 1948 (aged 79)
St Ives, Huntingdonshire
EducationKing’s College Choir School, Cambridge

Uppingham School, Rutland Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge

Guy’s Medical School, London
OccupationGeneral Practitioner
Known forMedical Officer of Health, St Ives

Medical Officer St Ives Poor Law Union (workhouse) Articles published in the British Medical Journal President of the Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire Medical Association (1914-1918)

President of the Stereoscopic Society (1925-1948)
Spouse(s)Hilda Clara Stevenson m 1897, daughter of Sr Thomas and Lady Agnes Stevenson
Parent(s)Dr William Richard Grove (Father) Maria Grove (nee Long) (Mother)

Reginald Grove MB MD (1869-1948) was a country doctor in the market town of St Ives, Cambridgeshire in Huntingdonshire for 54 years. In addition to his service to the local community he made a valued contribution to general medical knowledge through his clinical studies and findings published in a number of medical journals.


Grove was educated as a chorister at King’s College Choir school, training under the organist and composer Arthur Henry Mann and taught by the Vice Provost Augustus Austen Leigh with whom he later became friends. He then spent five years at Uppingham School during the headship of the renowned Edward Thring. The diaries[1] that he kept form a unique insight into life as a schoolboy under Thring which have contributed to a greater understanding of this giant of Victorian education[2][3].

Grove studied at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, captained the college rowing eight in his last year and edited the first publications of the Cambridge University Association of Brass Collectors (now the Monumental Brass Society)[4].

At Guy's Hospital Medical School, Grove was trained by a number of respected consultants such as Walter Jacobson, and Henry Howse and was given lectures in medical jurisprudence and chemistry by Thomas Stevenson (toxicologist) who was famed for his expert witness testimony in a number of notorious murder trials. Invited to Stevenson’s home as a young student, Grove met his daughters, and married one of them, Hilda Clara, in 1897.

After qualifying, Grove took over his father’s general practice during the latter’s ill health and subsequent death. As the Medical Officer of Health for St Ives and Medical Officer for the St Ives Workhouse Grove made his mark on the life of his community.

He was a regular contributor to medical publications on a number of medical matters based on his observations of patients: his article on the Infectivity of Inherited Syphilis was published in the British Medical Journal in 1906.[5] resulted in a series of correspondence.[6] His other contributions in that publication were on the treatment for pulmonary tuberculous,[7] ’Calcium Deficiencies: their treatment by parathyroid,’’[8] ‘’Hydropericardium in the diagnosis of coronary thrombosis’’ (jointly)[9] and ‘Rex v. Donnellan, 1781’[10] which dealt with the trial of John Donellan for poisoning Sir Theodosius Edward Allesley Boughton in 1780.

His particular interest was Graves' disease|Graves’ disease, on which he submitted a thesis for his MD in 1907[11]. He corresponded on this subject in the British Medical Journal later that year following an article by another doctor, the findings of which he disagreed.[12][13]

He presented his findings, and that of a colleague, Dr Howard William Coupland Vines, on the Etiology and Treatment of Varicose Ulcers at the Annual Meeting of the British Medical Association in 1921. Vines was a Beit Memorial Research Fellow. Their work was published later that year in the British Medical Journal.[14]

At the Royal Society of Medicine Annual Meeting in 1923, Grove presented his findings on organotherapy. His talk was then printed in the Society’s annual proceedings[15].

Grove was President of the Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire Medical Association from 1914-1918 and gave a number of presentations based on his own clinical observations.[16]

Besides his clinical contributions to medical practice, he was remembered by his patients with great affection[17] and respect as a reassuring family doctor.[18]


  • Flower, Peter, The Life and Times of a Victorian Country Doctor. A portrait of Reginald Grove. Volume 1: life at home (2021) Brown Dog Books ISBN 978-1-83952-207-9
  • Flower, Peter, The Life and Times of a Victorian Country Doctor. A portrait of Reginald Grove. Volume 2: life at school (2021) Brown Dog Books ISBN 978-1-83952-206-2
  • Uppingham School Roll 1824-1905 (3rd Issue) 1906 Edward Stanford
  • Venn, John, Alumni Cantabrigienses (Cambridge University Press) Part 2 Volume 3 (1947).


  1. Uppingham School Archives, copy diaries 1881-1887 held
  2. Smith, W. David (1974). Stretching their Bodies (The History of Physical Education). David & Charles. p. 29.
  3. Tozer, Malcolm (2019). Edward Thring’s Theory, Practice and Legacy: Physical Education in Britain since 1800. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 193–207, 224 and 260. ISBN 978-1-5275-2818-5.
  4. Transactions of the Cambridge University Association Of Brass Collectors (Society). p. 16.
  5. Grove, William (16 June 1906). "Infectivity of Inherited Syphilis". British Medical Journal: 1428–9.
  6. Grove, William Reginald (23 June 1906). "Correspondence: The Infectivity Of Inherited Syphilis". British Medical Journal: 1502.
  7. Grove, William Reginald (18 December 1909). "Pulmonary Tuberculosis Treated By Continuous Antiseptic Inhalation". British Medical Journal: 1781.
  8. Grove & Vines, William Reginald & H.W.C (20 May 1922). "Calcium Deficiencies: their treatment by parathyroid". British Medical Journal: 791–795.
  9. The Practitioner 1929 reported in the Medical Directory for 1942 for Grove
  10. Grove, William Reginald (1934). "Rex v. Donnellan 1781". Medical Legal and Criminal Review.
  11. The type written dissertation is held privately by the Grove family
  12. Granger, Henry (23 November 1907). "A FORM OF GRAVES'S DISEASE AND ITS TREATMENT". The Lancet: 1495.
  13. Grove, William Reginald (30 November 1907). "A FORM OF GRAVES'S DISEASE AND ITS TREATMENT". The Lancet: 1568–1569.
  14. Grove, William Reginald (29 October 1921). "Etiology and Treatment of Varicose Ulcers". British Medical Journal.
  15. Grove, William Reginald (9 January 1923). "Present Position of Organotherapy". Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine: 18–22.
  16. The subjects covered were parathyroid, hydropericardium, Addison’s Disease, calcium in haemorrhage, and the implications of iodine given internally
  17. For recollections of two patients see: Denis, Father - Father Algy (1964) Hodder and Stoughton Ltd pp. 102 -105 and Pratt, Edith, As if it was yesterday (1978) The Grasshopper Press, Fenstanton, Hunts. p.48; pp 62-75
  18. "Obituary: William Reginald Grove". British Medical Journal: 1125. 25 December 1948.

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