Wilhelm Hauschild

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Wilhelm Hauschild
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Born16 November 1827
Died14 May 1887
OccupationHistorical painter

Wilhelm Hauschild (16 November 1827 – 14 May 1887) was a German historical painter. He created murals for Neuschwanstein Castle.[1][2]


Wilhelm Hauschild, whose father was a master weaver, completed an apprenticeship with the Scenic painting (theatre)|decorative painter Krachwitz in Ząbkowice Śląskie|Frankenstein. While traveling, he came to Munich with a recommendation from the Chiemgau painter Josef Holzmaier to the history painter Josef Schlotthauer, who recognized Hauschild's talent. After he had given him the necessary knowledge to attend the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich|Royal Academy of Art, Hauschild enrolled on April 10, 1850 for painting[3] and became a student of Philipp Foltz.

On the recommendation of the painter Wilhelm von Kaulbach, Hauschild received an order from the Kingdom of Prussia|Prussian Frederick William IV of Prussia|King Friedrich Wilhelm IV. After he had created eight large paintings for the historical gallery of the Bavarian National Museum, he received further orders from the Kingdom of Bavaria|Bavarian royal family. For Ludwig II of Bavaria|King Ludwig II he painted the ceiling pictures for the castles Linderhof Palace|Linderhof and Herrenchiemsee. At Neuschwanstein Castle he was given the picturesque design of the throne room and the series of pictures from Lohengrin, Sigurd, and the Kudrun|Gudrunsage. During this work, Hauschild fell off a scaffold. He suffered a broken shoulder and a severe concussion.[4] He was also involved in the design of the wall and ceiling paintings for the royal building of the Munich Residenz|Munich Residence. In 1854, he created a Saint Peter|Petrus altar for the St. Joseph (Starnberg)|Church of St. Joseph in Starnberg.

Hauschild always remained connected to his Silesia|Silesian homeland. For the parish church of Schlegel he created three altarpieces. For the church on the Schlegler Allerheiligenberg he painted the frescoes and the paintings for the 16 Stations of the Cross. He created the paintings Immaculate Conception and St. Petersburg for the side altars of the Lubań|Lauban parish church, which was being decorated at the same time by his friend, the Munich architect Johann Marggraff.

Hauschild was a member of the Munich Association for Christian Art and in 1883 became its chairman. In 1879, King Ludwig II awarded him the title of Royal Academy Professor. Hauschild received the gold medal for art and science for his achievements. A street is named after him in Munich's Obersendling district.


  1. "Ein in Schlegel geborener Künstler gestaltete u.a. im Auftrag von König Ludwig ll. Gemälde auf Schloss Neuschwanstein". Heimatgemeinschaft Schlegel 1980 e.V. (in Deutsch). 2016-12-07. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  2. "Bayerische Schlösserverwaltung | Neuschwanstein Castle | Idea and History | Sagas | Gudrun". neuschwanstein.de. Retrieved 2020-07-31.
  3. "Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie", Wikipedia (in Deutsch), 2020-08-20, retrieved 2020-09-22
  4. Dewey, Richard (1910-01-01). "Psychiatry in Munich". Journal of the American Medical Association. LIV (1): 65. doi:10.1001/jama.1910.02550270065011. ISSN 0002-9955.

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