Victor Hybinette

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Victor Hybinette
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  • Chemist
  • Mechanical engineer

Noak Victor Hybinette (born 1867 , died 1937) was a Swedish chemist and mechanical engineer who was the "inventor of the electrolytic process bearing his name for refining nickel".[1] He is remembered in an academic journal as a "co-star of the nineteenth-century development of the North American nickel business."[2]


Hybinette was born in Falun, Sweden into a family that had emigrated from Belgium long before.[1]

After his studies, he worked for a Swedish company that conducted experimental work to extract nickel from Swedish ore. Then he came to Norway, to the extraction plant in Hommelvik, which had been started by the same Swedish owners. From 1890 they extracted nickel from ore from Hosanger. This only lasted for two years, but here Hybinette made her first process improvement.

Hybinette then traveled to the United States. There he worked for Orford Copper Co. and he gradually made a number of improvements to the separation processes. He became interested in nickel electrolysis to make cleaner nickel than was produced in other ways. In 1904 he applied for a patent for his method, and the following year it was granted.

Hybinette was a contemporary of Robert C. Stanley and David H. Browne while all three sought a "more affordable route to nickel silver from the sulphur laden ores of [the] Sudbury Basin", and it was by this competitive route that Stanley discovered the alloy he named Monel.[3]

Hybinette went on to found Kristiansands Nikkelraffineringsverk A / S in 1910 with Samuel Eyde, Anton Grønningsæter and Jacob Børresen. Meantime the refinery was purchased by Falconbridge Ltd., an Ontario nickel mining firm.

Hybinette resided in Hinseberg, which is located next to lake Väringen in Frövi, Sweden, once the Tersmeden family had vacated it.[4]

The Hybinette process was in use in Kristiansands until 1975, when it was replaced by the so-called KL process, which is still in use in a modified version (the KLA process).


  1. 1.0 1.1 "NOAK VICTOR HYBINETTE; Metallurgist and Inventor of the Electrolytic Process for Nickel". The New York Times Company. 11 September 1937.
  2. Marcuson, W.; Baksa, D. (2013). "Colonel Robert Means Thompson and Noak Victor Hybinette: A Tale of Yin and Yang". The International Journal for the History of Engineering & Technology. 83 (2): 274–293. doi:10.1179/1758120613Z.00000000029.
  3. Churchill, James E. (23 March 2021). "Historic Monel: the alloy that time forgot". Nickel Institute.
  4. "Slottsknekten". 5 July 2004.

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