Urban ecology

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When it comes to living species in the setting of an urban environment, urban ecology is the scientific study of their interactions with one another and with their surroundings. Environmental conditions characterised by high densities of residential and commercial buildings, pavement, and other urban factors that combine to create an environment that is distinct from most previously studied environments in the field of ecology are referred to as the urban environment (Urban Ecology). Ultimately, the purpose of urban ecology is to maintain a healthy balance between human civilization and the surrounding natural world.

When compared to the discipline of ecology as a whole, urban ecology is a relatively new subject of study. The methodologies and research of urban ecology are comparable to those of ecology, and they constitute a subset of the field. The study of urban ecology is becoming more important since more than half of the world's population now resides in metropolitan regions, according to the United Nations. At the same time, it is predicted that, during the next forty years, two-thirds of the world's population will be concentrated in metropolitan areas that are increasing in size and scope. The ecological processes that take place in the urban environment are analogous to those that take place outside of the urban environment. The sorts of urban ecosystems and the species that inhabit them, on the other hand, are inadequately recorded. The reasons for phenomena studied in urban settings, as well as the prediction of changes as a result of urbanisation, are often at the heart of scientific study efforts.