Uranyl oxalate

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Uranyl oxalate (UO2C2O4) is a pale yellow powdered uranyl compound. It is often encountered in industrial nuclear processes at both the front and back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle. Due to its hygroscopicity, uranyl oxalate rarely exists in the dehydrated state and is usually instead found in the trihydrate form (UO2C2O4·3H2O) at room temperature.[1] At room temperature, the powder exhibits a monoclinic crystal structure in the P21/C space group.[2]


Uranyl oxalate trihydrate can be produced by the reaction of uranyl nitrate hexahydrate with oxalic acid.[3]


  1. Thompson, Nathan B. A.; Stennett, Martin C.; Gilbert, Matthew R.; Hyatt, Neil C. (2021-01-06). "Nuclear forensic signatures and structural analysis of uranyl oxalate, its products of thermal decomposition and Fe impurity dopant". Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry. doi:10.1007/s10967-020-07538-2. ISSN 0236-5731.
  2. Jayadevan, N. C.; Chackraburtty, D. M. (1972-11-15). "The crystal and molecular structure of uranyl oxalate trihydrate". Acta Crystallographica Section B Structural Crystallography and Crystal Chemistry. 28 (11): 3178–3182. doi:10.1107/s0567740872007691. ISSN 0567-7408.
  3. Tel, H; Bülbül, M; Eral, M; Altaş, Y (November 1999). "Preparation and characterization of uranyl oxalate powders". Journal of Nuclear Materials. 275 (2): 146–150. Bibcode:1999JNuM..275..146T. doi:10.1016/s0022-3115(99)00119-1. ISSN 0022-3115.

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