University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California), is located in Berkeley. California's first land-grant institution, known as the University of California, was established in 1868 as the state's first land-grant university and the founding campus of the University of California system. Approximately 31,000 undergraduate and 12,000 graduate students are enrolled in the university's fourteen colleges and institutions, which offer over 350 degree programmes. By major educational magazines, Berkeley is consistently rated among the world's best institutions.
California's flagship university, Berkeley is home to many world-class research institutions, such as the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute and the Space Sciences Laboratory. The university was a founding member of the Association of American Universities. It established and continues to maintain close ties with three national laboratories: Berkeley, Livermore, and Los Alamos. It has played a significant role in numerous scientific breakthroughs, ranging from the Manhattan Project and the discovery of 16 chemical elements to breakthroughs in computer science and genomics, among other fields. UC Berkeley is also well-known for its political activity, particularly during the 1960s Free Speech Movement.