United Arab Emirates
In Western Asia, the United Arab Emirates, often known as the Emirates, is a nation that is situated in the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula near the western end of the country. Qatar and Iran have marine boundaries with Oman and Saudi Arabia in the Persian Gulf, and it has land borders with both countries on the Arabian Peninsula.
A federation of seven emirates, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is an elective monarchy composed of the emirates of Abu Dhabi (which acts as the country's capital), Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm Al Quwain. There are Sheikhs in charge of each of the emirates, and they get together to create the Federal Supreme Council, which is led by one of them, who also happens to be the president of the United Arab Emirates. There were 9.2 million people living in the UAE in 2013, including 1.4 million Emirati nationals and 7.8 million foreigners; the country's population is expected to reach 9.89 million by 2020, according to government estimates.
Muslims adhere to Islam as their faith, and Arabic is the language used in the country. Its oil and natural gas reserves rank sixth and seventh in the world, respectively, according to the International Energy Agency. With the help of oil profits, Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, ruler of Abu Dhabi and the country's first president, supervised the growth of the Emirates, directing funds to healthcare, education, and infrastructure development. Among the members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, the UAE's economy is the most diverse, and its largest city, Dubai, is a worldwide metropolis and an international transportation hub. The nation has grown less dependent on oil and gas in recent years, and its economy is more centred on tourism and commerce. It is not possible to pay income tax in the United Arab Emirates. There is, however, a corporation tax and a 5-percent value-added tax, both of which were introduced in 2018.
The United Arab Emirates is often regarded as a regional and middle-power force in the area. United Nations, Arab League, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Non-Aligned Movement, and Gulf Cooperation Council are all organisations that the United Arab Emirates is a member of (GCC). A authoritarian state, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is characterised as follows: Government opponents are being tortured and forcibly disappeared, according to human rights groups, who claim that systematic human rights abuses are occurring.