Thomas Cardozo

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Thomas Cardozo
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Thomas Whitmarsh Cardozo

Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.
Died1881(1881-00-00) (aged 41–42)
Massachusetts, U.S.
  • Teacher
  • Journalist
  • Public official
RelativesFrancis Lewis Cardozo (brother)

Thomas Whitmarsh Cardozo (1839-1881) was a teacher, journalist, and public official during the Reconstruction Era in the United States.[1] He served as Superintendent of Education in Mississippi and is the only African American to have ever held the position.[2] His family was Jewish and African American.

He taught in Elizabeth City, North Carolina and in South Carolina after the American Civil War.[3]

He proposed uniform textbooks for Mississippi school.[4] He wrote accounts of his experiences in Mississippi including descriptions of his fellow Republican politicians for the New National Era. He was a delegate to the 1873 National Civil Rights Convention in Washington, D.C.[2]

He resigned his office after being accused of malfeasance in office.[2]

The Library of Congress has a photo of him.[5]

Francis Lewis Cardozo was his brother.

Cardozo Moddle School in Jackson, Mississippi is named for him.[4]


  1. Richter, William L. (December 1, 2011). "Historical Dictionary of the Civil War and Reconstruction". Scarecrow Press – via Google Books.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Brock, Euline W. (1981). "Thomas W. Cardozo: Fallible Black Reconstruction Leader". The Journal of Southern History. 47 (2): 183–206. doi:10.2307/2207949 – via JSTOR.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "About Cardozo / History". http.
  5. "Thomas W. Cardozo, 1838-1881". Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA.

External links

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