Theodor Rogalski

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Theodor Rogalski
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Born(1901-04-11)April 11, 1901
Bucharest, Romania
DiedFebruary 2, 1954(1954-02-02) (aged 52)
Zürich, Switzerland
Alma mater
  • Leipzig Conservatory
  • Schola Cantorum
  • Composer
  • Conductor
  • Orchestrator
  • Pianist
Years active1918-1954
Notable work
  • Three Romanian Dances
  • Symphonic Suite (1950)
  • Two Symphonic Sketches (1929)

Theodor Rogalski (b. April 11, 1901 - d. February 2, 1954) was a Romanian composer, conductor, orchestrator and pianist of Polish origin who is a reference name for the evolution of Romanian musical culture in the first half of the twentieth century. [1]

After studying in Bucharest with Alfonso Castaldi and Dimitrie Cuclin, he studied at the Leipzig Conservatory (1920 - 1923) and then at the Schola Cantorum[2] in Paris (1923-1926), where he was a disciple of Vincent d'Indy (composition, conducting) and of Maurice Ravel (orchestration). He asserted himself in 1926 by obtaining the First Prize at the "George Enescu" National Composition Competition (established in 1913) with the work String Quartet in F major and launched in the concert programs of the Philharmonic with Two Dances for Woodwinds, Piano and Drums (1927) and Two Symphonic Sketches (1930), a work whose exceptional value determined George Enescu to select it for the concert held at the International Exhibition in New York in 1939. [3]

While continuing to explore the line opened by Funeral at the suburbs and Paparudele, see Rainmaking_(ritual) (both form the Two symphonic sketches) through the new technical approach of capitalizing the folk vein, with emphasis on rhythmic diversity, poly-tonal overlaps and a unique harmonic color, Theodor Rogalski composes, two decades later, in 1950, the symphonic suite Three Romanian Dances, which is a landmark of the Romanian music school of the time. [4]

The two decades, 1930-1950, in which composing remained in the background, were dedicated by the musician to conducting and building an ensemble, from its establishment to the level of a prestigious orchestra, today bearing the name of National Radio Orchestra of Romania. As such, he was the first conductor of the orchestra starting from 1930. [5]

The baton of first conductor was also offered to him at the "George Enescu" Philharmonic (1950-1954). In these last years of his life he also held the position of orchestration teacher at the Bucharest Conservatory.

Chronology of the musical work

  • 1918 - Sonata for piano (1921 - first mention of the "George Enescu" Composition Prize)
  • 1919 - Piano Suite (1919 - 2nd mention of the "George Enescu" Composition Prize)
  • 1920 - Paysage for piano

Pastoral for piano Berceuse for cello and piano Piece for cello and piano - Historiette for cello and piano - Minuetto for cello and piano - Parfum exotique for cello and piano "Pavanne" for cello and piano - Idylle and Tambourin (For the motif "O du lieber Augustin") for string quartet - The song "Le Silence", on lyrics by CH. Batillot - Orchesterstuck (1923 - 2nd prize of the "George Enescu" Composition Prize) - Operetta Nina

  • 1921 - Rondo

Sonet for piano Aubade for piano

  • 1922 - Winter for piano

- Romanzetta for piano - Suite for violin and piano: Aubade, Interlude, Sonet (1922 - mention of the "George Enescu" Composition Prize) - Andante from a projected Sonata for cello and piano - Vieille Chanson for two violins and viola - Fruhlingsnacht for 2 violins and cello Andantino for string quartet Dance for string quartet - 2 lieds for voice and piano on lyrics by R. Dehmel: Erlengang , Einst im Herbst - 2 lieds for voice and orchestra: lied on lyrics by Heine, untitled, Helle Nacht on lyrics by R. Dehmel

  • 1924 - Retrospective Serenade for piano
  • 1925 - Ballad on Romanian themes for violin and piano

Bourree for cello and piano - Canon , for violin, cello and piano String Quartet (1925 - 1st prize of the "George Enescu" Composition Prize) Four Evocations for the soprano: The Song of the Wise, The Song of the Lover, The Song of the Rain, The Song of the Swing - Two dances for blowers, piano and drums (1927 - mention in Venice) - Ancient fresco ballet [6]

  • 1929 - Two symphonic sketches: Funeral at the suburbs, Paparudele (Rainmaking_(ritual))

- Stage music for the song "Don Juan" by Victor Eftimiu

  • 1930 - Three pieces for cello
  • 1931 - Suite for oboe and piano
  • 1932 - Two whims
  • 1933 - Three songs on folk lyrics for soprano and orchestra

Hici Ciciului Willow The Lazar

  • 1940 - Three Romanian ballads for tenor and orchestra:

Iancu Jianu Mihu the Child Toma Alimoș

  • 1950 - Symphonic suite Three Romanian dances [7]
  • 1951 - Soundtrack for the film Life Triumphs


Festive March

In the media



  1. Manolescu 2006, p. 5.
  2. Griffiths, Paul. [1], Grove Music Online, Oxford University Press, retrieved 20 June 2020
  3. Manolescu 2006, p. 30-50.
  4., p. 4-5
  5. Manolescu 2006, p. 55-80.
  6. [2] Theodor Rogalski - Theodor Rogalski - Compozitor Și Interpret (2013, Digipak, CD) | Discogs"
  7. [3] Theodor Rogalski - Theodor Rogalski - Compozitor Și Interpret (2013, Digipak, CD) | Discogs"

External links

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