Teodor the Grammarian

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Teodor the Grammarian
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  • Monk
  • Copyist

Teodor Gramatik also known as Teodor Span (Serbian: Теодор Граматик; the second half of the 13th century) was a Serbian monk and copyist from the Monastic Republic of Mount Athos. In the Feast of the Transfiguration on Spasova Voda in 1263, he transcribed the "Six Days" of the Bulgarian John the Exarch from part of the 9th- and 10th-century and added two long literary interesting records about the troubles and persecutions of the Archbishop of Mount Athos that he experienced on that occasion, and such were not allowed to stay on Mount Athos. We learn from the record that he was forced to leave Mount Athos in two waves and finally finish copying in one Metohija outside the territory of Athos. In this vivid and dramatic testimony, Teodor also mentions with gratitude Domentijan,[1][2][3]who, noticing his literacy and education, entrusted him with the transcription of "Six Days" and later unsuccessfully advocated for him until he finally found a hiding place nearby from the borders of Mount Athos. [4]

There is an opinion in the literature that Teodosije Hilandarac is actually the monastic name of Teodor the Grammarian, but this assumption is disputed by both [Đorđe Trifunović and Dimitrije Bogdanović).

Translation into modern Serbian

  • Zapis Teodora Spana , in: Dragoljub Pavlović, „Stara srpska književnost“, 2, Novi Sad – Beograd, Matica srpska – SKZ, 1970.
  • Theodore the Grammarian in the manuscript Six Days; Teodor Gramatik u pogovoru Šestodneva , u: „Stari srpski zapisi i natpisi“, priredio Milorad Pavić, Beograd, Prosveta i SKZ, 1986, 37–39, Stara srpska književnost u 24 knjige, kn. 19.


  • Dimitrije Bogdanović: "History of Old Serbian Literature", Belgrade, SKZ, 1980.
  • Đorđe Trifunović: "A Brief Review of Yugoslav Literature of the Middle Ages", Belgrade, Faculty of Philology, University of Belgrade, 1976.
  • Dejan Mihailović: "Byzantine Circle (Small Dictionary of Early Christian Literature in Greek, Byzantine and Old Serbian Literature)", Belgrade, "Institute for Textbooks", 2009, p. 191.


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