When it comes to manufacturing products and services or achieving goals such as scientific research, technology is defined as the total of all techniques, skills, methods, and procedures involved in the process. Technics may be defined as the understanding of procedures, processes, and other similar things, or it can be integrated in machinery so that they can be operated without the need for extensive knowledge of how they function. Technology systems or technical systems are systems (for example, machines) that apply technology by accepting an input, modifying it according to the system's usage, and then creating a result are known to as technology systems or technologies to support.
The invention and use of fundamental tools is the most basic type of technology. The ancient development of shaped stone tools, which was followed by the knowledge of how to regulate fire, resulted in an increase in the availability of food supplies. The later Neolithic Revolution increased this by a factor of four, doubling the amount of food that could be obtained from a given land. The creation of the wheel aided people in their ability to traverse through and control their surroundings.
Developments in historical periods, such as the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have reduced physical barriers to communication and enabled people to engage freely on a worldwide scale, a phenomenon known as globalisation.
Technology has a wide range of consequences. It has aided in the development of more sophisticated economies (including the current global economy) as well as the establishment of a middle-class leisure class. Many technological activities generate undesirable by-products, known as pollution, and deplete natural resources, both of which are detrimental to the ecosystem on the planet Earth. The ideals of a society have always been impacted by innovation, which has also brought new problems about the ethics of technology. For example, the emergence of the idea of efficiency in terms of human output, as well as the issues of bioethics, are just a few examples.
There have been philosophical discussions over the use of technology, including differences about whether technology enhances or worsens the human situation. Technological progress, according to proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism, is beneficial to society and the human condition. Neo-Luddism, anticapitalist, and similar reactionary movements criticise the pervasiveness of technology, claiming that it harms the environment and alienates people.