A Korean type of martial arts known as Taekwondo, Tae Kwon Do, or Taekwon-Do, Taekwondo is characterised by striking and kicking techniques, with a focus on head-height kicks, spinning jump kicks, and quick kicking techniques. Taekwondo was developed in Korea. The words "kicking" and "punching" are included in the literal translation of the term "tae kwon do," which means "the art or method of." They are a kind of martial arts in which one may fight or defend themselves at any time or place using just their hands and feet, with the occasional usage of weapons. In Taekwondo, the physical training that is done has a purpose and helps develop mental fortitude via the use of mental weapons.
Dobok is the name given to the outfit that Taekwondo practitioners wear. It is a combat sport that was developed during the 1940s and 1950s by Korean martial artists who had experience in martial arts such as karate, Chinese martial arts. Its name comes from the word taekwondo, which means "hand to hand combat." The Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA) is the oldest regulating organisation for Taekwondo. It was established in 1959 via a collective effort by delegates from the nine founding kwans, or martial arts schools, in Korea. The International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF), which was established in 1966 by Choi Hong-hi, and the partnership of the Kukkiwon and World Taekwondo (WT, formerly known as the World Taekwondo Federation or WTF), which was established in 1972 and 1973 respectively by the Korea Taekwondo Association, are the two primary international organisational bodies for Taekwondo today. Gyeorugi is a kind of full-contact sparring that has been included in the Olympics since the year 2000. World Taekwondo serves as the regulating organisation for Taekwondo competitions in both the Olympics and the Paralympics.