A software engineer is a person who designs, develops, maintains, tests, and evaluates computer software using the concepts of software engineering. They are also known as software developers. In addition to being used as a synonym, the word programmer may have meanings that are unrelated to technical education or abilities.
Engineering approaches are used to inform the software development process, which includes the design, implementation, evaluation, measurement, management, modification, and improvement of the software life cycle process itself. There is a significant amount of software configuration management, which is concerned with methodically regulating changes to the configuration and ensuring the integrity and traceability of the configuration and code throughout the life cycle of the system. Software versioning is often used in modern processes.
From the 1960s forward, software engineering was recognised as a distinct branch of engineering in its own right. Aside from that, the development of software engineering was considered as a difficult endeavour. For software programmers, it was difficult to keep up with the hardware, which resulted in a number of difficulties. Software that was over budget, overdue, needed lengthy debugging and maintenance, and failed to meet the expectations of users, or that was never finished, were among the issues identified. On November 1968, NATO convened the first Software Engineering Conference, where software-related topics were discussed, as well as rules and best practises for the creation of software.