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Revenue is defined as the entire amount of money earned by the sale of products and services that are directly tied to the principal activities of a firm in accounting terms. Commercial income is often referred to as sales or turnover in the business world. Profits from interest, royalties, and other fees are generated by certain businesses. Depending on the context, the term "revenue" may refer to either general income or the amount of money made in a certain monetary unit during a specific period of time, such as "Last year, Company X earned $42 million in revenue." Profits, also known as net income, are typically defined as total revenue minus total costs for a certain period of time. In accounting, revenue is a component of the Equity portion of the balance sheet, and revenue raises equity. Revenue is sometimes referred to as the "top line" owing to its location at the top of the income statement, which is the most important line on the income statement. When compared to the "bottom line," which represents net income, this is a more formal term (gross revenues minus total expenses).

In everyday conversation, The entire amount of money created by the sale of products or services that are relevant to the company's principal activities is referred to as revenue. Amounts earned from the sale of products or services over a period of time are referred to as sales revenue. Tax revenue is the amount of money that a government gets from its citizens in the form of taxes. Fundraising revenue is money obtained by a charity from contributors and other sources in order to achieve its charitable objectives.

When used in a more formal sense, revenue refers to the computation or estimate of periodic income that is made in accordance with a certain standard accounting procedure or the standards imposed by a government or government agency. The two most widely used accounting systems, cash basis accounting and accrual basis accounting, do not employ the same procedure for evaluating revenue as one another. The reporting of revenue by corporations that offer their stock for sale to the general public is often mandated by legislation and is based on generally accepted accounting standards or International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).

In a double-entry bookkeeping system, revenue accounts are general ledger accounts that are summarised on an income statement on a periodic basis under the title "Revenue" or "Revenues," depending on the accounting system. When you look at a revenue account, the account name describes the sort of money produced, such as "Repair service revenues", "Rent revenue earned," or "Sales."