A music producer, often known as a record producer, is the creative and technical head of a recording project, controlling studio time and teaching performers. In popular music genres, a music producer is usually responsible for the creation of the song's basic sound and structure. When it comes to music production, a music producer, or simply the producer, is compared to a film director. The executive producer, on the other hand, makes the recording endeavour possible via his or her entrepreneurial efforts, while an audio engineer is in charge of the equipment.
Depending on the project, the producer may also choose all of the performers, or he or she may publicly sing vocals with them. When solely synthetic or sampled instrumentation is used, the producer may be regarded as the only creative force. Some musicians, on the other hand, choose to handle their own production. Some producers are also engineers, handling the technology throughout the project's lifecycle, including pre production, recording, mixing, and mastering, among other things. Record producers' forerunners were "A&R men, who, like record producers, were able to combine entrepreneurial, creative, and technical roles. However, they often had little creative influence, as record production was still primarily concerned with improving the record's sonic match to the artists' own live performance, even into the 1950s.
Advances in recording technology, particularly the introduction of tape recording in the 1940s (which Les Paul immediately improved upon to create multitrack recording) and the development of electronic instruments in the 1950s, transformed the field of record creation into a specialised field. Producers like as George Martin, Phil Spector, and Brian Eno were instrumental in the development of popular music into its current state, which employs complex methods and artificial sounds to create songs that are difficult to create live. After the 1980s, the transition from analogue to digital manufacturing significantly increased the range of options. DAWs, or digital audio workstations, like as Logic Pro and Pro Tools, have evolved to the point that they can transform an ordinary computer into a production console, allowing a single beginner to become a competent producer in a low-cost home studio. Beginning in the decade of 2010, attempts were made to expand the number of female producers and engineers, who were previously underrepresented in the industry and were only widely praised in classical music.