From Wikitia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ranpatnafrat (Ancient Egyptian: rn-pt-nf-rt) is a reconstructed version of Renpetneferet, a minor goddess who is credited as being either the sister or the wife of Imhotep in Late Period Egyptian texts.[1] [2] There is no evidence of an individual by this name existing during the reign of King Djoser, although similar names were being used for women during the fourth dynasty. [3]

Connection to seshat

The meaning of the name Ranpatnafrat is connected to the New Year, the adjective nefer lending connotations of youth and beauty.[4]. Renpet means year, and is often depicted as a minor goddess in her own right, connected with the God Heh from the Ogdoad in the iconography of the Shen Ring. [5] This identification of the renpet with the Ogdoad and Heh is visible in the iconography associated with Seshat, the wife of Thoth. Seshat is depicted inscribing the count of the years into a renpet, or a palm frond which functioned as a register of time, and as the hieroglyph for the word year. This renpet emerges from a Shen Ring with a frog perched on top of it, the frog representing the Ogdoad. [6]

As Imhotep, along with Amenhotep son of Hapu, was assimilated to Thoth during the Late Period, his wife was assimilated to the goddess Renpet which Seshat, the wife of Thoth, inscribes.[7] [8] This would make Ranpatnafrat an aspect of the Goddess of the Glyph, having a relationship to Seshat analogous to the relationship Asclepius has to Thoth-Hermes.[9] This is supported by the importance the Hermopolitan Cosmology had in the worship of Imhotep and Thoth during the Late Period. [10]


  1. Kim Ryholt, The Assyrian invasion of Egypt in Egyptian literary tradition, in Assyria and Beyond, Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten 2004, ISBN 9062583113, p. 501
  2. Hurry, Jamieson Boyd. Imhotep. The Vizier and Physician of King Zoser and afterwards the Egyptian God of Medicine, p. 42.
  3. Jacques Kinnaer. "Rahotep and Nofret". Ancient-egypt.org. Archived from the original on 2012-04-14. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
  4. http://www.gizapyramids.org/static/pdf%20library/radwan_fs_lesko.pdf
  5. Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003), "Renpet", The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt, London: Thames & Hudson, pp. 164–6, ISBN 0-500-05120-8
  6. Seshat in Luxor. H. Peter Aleff. See also Huh (god).
  7. Allen, James Peter (2005). The Art of Medicine in Ancient Egypt. Yale University Press. p. 12. ISBN 9780300107289. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  8. Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003), "Renpet", The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt, London: Thames & Hudson, pp. 164–6, ISBN 0-500-05120-8
  9. Bailey, Donald, "Classical Architecture" in Riggs, Christina (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt (Oxford University Press, 2012), p. 192.
  10. Smith, Mark (2002), On the Primaeval Ocean, p. 38

This article "Ranpatnafrat" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical. Articles taken from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be accessed on Wikipedia's Draft Namespace.