Publishing is the process of making information, literature, music, software, and other material accessible to the general public, either for sale or for free, via various means. Books, newspapers, and magazines are examples of printed products that have traditionally been created and distributed under the word publishing. With the introduction of digital information systems, the scope of the profession has broadened to encompass electronic publishing, which includes ebooks, academic journals, micropublishing, websites, blogs, video game publishing, and other forms of electronic publication, among other things.
Printing may result in the production of products for private, club and community use as well as for the general public. It may be carried out as a commercial, public, social or community activity. Bertelsmann, RELX, Pearson, and Thomson Reuters are just a few of the major multinational corporations that dominate the commercial publishing sector, which also includes hundreds of tiny independents. This company has many branches, including fiction and non-fiction trade/retail publishing, educational publishing (kindergarten through 12th grade), academic and scientific publishing. Governments, civil society organisations, and commercial businesses publish for a variety of reasons, including administrative or compliance needs, business, research, advocacy, and public interest goals, among others. Annual reports, research studies, market research, policy briefings, and technical reports are examples of what may be included. Self-publishing has grown more popular.
When we say "publisher," we may refer to a publishing business or organisation, but we can also refer to a person who is in charge of a publishing company, imprint, periodical, or newspaper.