The Philippines, formally the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic nation in Southeast Asia that is made up of hundreds of thousands of islands. It is located in the western Pacific Ocean and comprises of about 7,640 islands, which are generally classified into three major geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The country is divided into three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. To the west, the South China Sea borders the Philippines, to the east it shares a maritime border with Japan, to the northeast it shares a maritime border with Palau, to the east and southeast it shares a maritime border with the Philippines, and to the west it shares a maritime border with China. To the north, Taiwan shares a maritime border with Japan, Japan shares a maritime border with China, and Indonesia shares a maritime border with Indonesia. The Philippines has a land area of 300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi) and a population of approximately 109 million people as of 2020, making it the world's twelfth-most populous nation. It has a population of around 109 million people as of 2020, making it the world's twelfth-most populous country. The Philippines is a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural society with a wide range of ethnicities and cultures spread throughout its islands. Manila is the nation's capital, and Quezon City is its biggest city, both of which are located within the metropolitan region of Metro Manila.