Persian Turquoise Inlaying

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Persian Turquoise Inlaying (Persian: فیروزه کوبی‎ FIROOZEH KOOBI) is one of the modern arts that dates back to 70 years ago. About 70 years ago, Professor Yousef Hakmian founded this art in Mashhad. After that, Haj Dadash promoted the art of turquoise carving in Isfahan about 20 years later and performed it in this city.

Today, it is one of the most important Turquoise Inlaying bases in Isfahan, and many artists and craftsmen have set up turquoise workshops in this city.

Regarding the history of Turquoise Inlaying, you should say that Turquoise Inlaying is not very long, but due to the use of precious turquoise stone and the beauty of its design, it is highly valued.[1]

History of Turquoise

Turquoise is one of the precious stones that has been known in Iran since ancient times. The inscription of the foundation of the palace of Darius the Great in Susa shows that turquoise was used to decorate the palace. Turquoise is the wish stone of the kings of all civilizations since the time of Cyrus and Darius the Great, which was given as a gift by them to the kings of other countries. Persian turquoise is the highest quality turquoise in the world, and in Europe, Persian turquoise is used as an example to define the quality of turquoise.

The oldest turquoise mine in Iran, which some people know is nearly 10,000 years old, is the Neishabour mine.

Definition and Usage of Turquoise Inlaying

Turquoise Inlaying is a product made of copper, brass, silver, Warsaw or bronze, in which particles and small pieces of turquoise stone are placed together on a part of its surface in a mosaic form, and thus the effect A special be given to it.

Turquoise Inlaying is an art-industry in the division and classification of Iranian handicrafts, which has an artistic and aesthetic aspect and has a decorative application. Turquoise Inlaying is mostly used for decorating jewelry, vases, candlesticks, mirror frames, etc.[2]

Stages of Manufacturing and Production of Turquoise Inlaying

In general, manufacturing and polishing Turquoise Inlaying products includes the following steps:

The first stage The surface under the work of the desired metal such as brass, copper and silver is made by a goldsmith or metal maker with the help of hand or press machine and smooth and polished enters the next stage.

The second step is to separate the turquoise stones according to their size and so-called granulation so that in the construction of each turquoise product, a piece of turquoise is used that is more appropriate to the turquoise work surface. Then the stones are glued to the product with a special glue.

The third stage is payment. At this stage, the turquoise surfaces are polished and then polyester is applied on it, which is due to the protection of the work surface and also the maximum beauty of the effect.[3]


  1. "فیروزه کوبی بیشتر در کدام منطقه مورد توجه است". گروه صنایع دستی کثیری (in فارسی). Retrieved 2021-02-07.
  2. "Persian Turquoise Inlaying (FIROOZEH KOOBI)". TermehCrafts. 2018-08-30. Retrieved 2021-02-07.
  3. "صنایع دستی فیروزه کوبی سوغات محبوب اصفهان". چطور (in فارسی). 2020-11-11. Retrieved 2021-02-07.

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