Music education is a field of practise in which educators are trained for careers such as elementary or secondary music instructors, group leaders at music conservatories or schools, and other jobs in the field of music education. Unique study is also being conducted in the area of music education by researchers who are looking at novel ways of teaching and mastering the instrument. Researchers in music education publish their results in peer-reviewed publications and educate undergraduate and graduate education students at universities or music institutes who are aspiring to become certified music instructors in the subject of music education. They are also known as music educators.
Affective domain (the learner's desire to absorb, assimilate, and share what they have learned) and psychomotor domain (the development of skills) are all addressed in music education. Music appreciation and sensitivity are also addressed in music education. Several mathematical abilities, as well as fluid use and knowledge of a secondary language or culture, are included into many music education curricula. The regularity with which students practise these abilities has been proven to help them in a variety of other academic areas, as well as in boosting their performance on standardised exams such as the ACT and SAT, among others. It is mainly because of the diverse histories and political systems that cultures from all around the globe have developed various methods to music instruction. It has been shown in studies that teaching music from different cultures may help pupils hear new sounds more easily, and that musical taste is linked to the language spoken by the listener and other sounds that they are exposed to within their own culture.
During the twentieth century, several unique methods to the teaching of music were created or further refined, some of which have had a wide-ranging effect on the profession. Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, a Swiss musician and educator who worked in the early twentieth century, created the Dalcroze technique (also known as eurhythmics). The Kodály Method places an emphasis on the advantages of physical training and responding to musical stimuli. The Orff Schulwerk method to music instruction encourages students to develop their musical skills in a manner that corresponds to the evolution of western music traditions.