Minoru S. Araki

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Minoru S. Araki
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CitizenshipUnited States of America
EducationMechanical engineering
Alma materStanford University
  • Research manager
  • Aerospace engineer

Minoru S. Araki called Sam Araki, (1931[1] ) is an United States research manager and Aerospace engineering.

Araki studied mechanical engineering at Stanford University with a Bachelor's degree in 1954 and received a Master's degree in 1955.[2] Then he went to the Lockheed Corporation Missiles and Space Company in Sunnyvale, California as a systems engineer. He worked there until his retirement in 1997 as the President of the company (which was called Lockheed-Martin Missiles and Space after its merger with Martin-Marietta in 1995). In the late 1950s and early 1960s he was responsible for the development of the Corona (satellite), which up until 1972 served as a spy satellite in around 145 missions, mainly over the Soviet Union. The Corona system was the first US spy satellite system in the USA.

He was also a Vice President and program manager of the Milstar program of secure communications satellites at Lockheed and the early Arpanet and an electronic library called Dialog that pioneered the future of the Internet.

As Vice President of Lockheed Missiles and Space, he was involved in the Iridium satellite constellation, the Exoatmospheric Reentry-vehicle Interceptor Subsystem and Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) program (part of the US ICBM defense) and in the development of the Sensor-to -Shooter concept that provides reconnaissance data in real-time to stealth bombers. Participation in the Hubble Space Telescope program fell under his presidency.

After his retirement at Lockheed-Martin, he founded ST-Infonox, which integrates microsensor networks for security applications.

In 1990 he became a member of the National Academy of Engineering,[3] where his leadership role in the design, development and integration of large space projects was highlighted, and in the same year Fellow of the American Astronautical Society and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. In 2005 he received the Charles Stark Draper Prize for his participation in the Corona project. In 1994 he received the Wernher von Braun Award from the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, of which he is a fellow. He was named Asian-American Engineer of the Year.[4] He became the National Reconnaissance Office's Pioneer of National Reconnaissance.


  1. Reference Book for Corporate Managements, Dun and Bradstreet Information Services 1991
  2. nach American Men and Women of Science, Thomson Gale 2004
  3. AE Website
  4. Chinese Institute of Engineers, USA, mit Biografie

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