Matsya tribe

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The inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization

Early Vedic Culture (1700-1100 BCE).Location of early Indo-Aryan peoples and tribes Matsya</nowiki>

Early Janapadas (People / Tribes) (c. 1700-1100 BCE)

Early Vedic civilization (1700–1100 BCE) and the location of early Indo-Aryan population and tribes.After roughly 1500 BCE Indo-Aryan peoples and tribes were swiftly expanding through ancient northern India, therefore the number of peoples, tribes and clans was increasing and Āryāvarta was becoming a very large area.

One of the ancient tribe Matsya

The Druhyu were a people of Vedic India. They are referenced in the Rigveda,typically along with the Anu (tribe)|Anu tribe.Some early researchers have put them in the northwestern region.The later messages, the Epic and the Puranas, find them in the "north", that is, in Gandhara, Aratta and Setu. (Vishnu Purana IV.17) The Druhyus were driven out of the place where there is the seven waterways, and their next lord, Gandhara, got comfortable a north-western area which got known as Gandhara|Gandhāra. The children of the later Druhyu lord Pracetas too get comfortable the "northern" (udīcya) district (Bhagavata 9.23.15-16; Vishnu 4.17.5; Vayu 99.11-12;Brahmanda 3.74.11-12 and Matsya Purana 48.9.)

NOTE*- DNA report at bottom Which proves The inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization 

Indo-Aryan Tribe

Their are many tribes but here the main focus is on Matsya. The Matsya :It is believed that matsya tribe was inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization.[1]

(Sanskrit: मत्स्य, fish) is a symbol or manifestation of the Hindu god Vishnu. Matsya Avatar(Mina Avatar) occurs to save the righteous and the very first man,The Manu (Hinduism)|Manu. Shraddhadeva Manu was the ruler of the Dravida Kingdom (Matsya Kingdom)[2], before the Pralaya, the incredible flood.[3]

Mina or Meena are same and Matsya, Meena, Meena Battalion|Meenawat, ( मीना , मीणा) Is an ancient tribal group located predominantly in Rajasthan (the land of kings).

The Meena :

Meena's ([miːɳaː]) is a clan found basically in the Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh areas of India. Its name is likewise transcribed as Meenanda or Mina. The Meenas claims that they association with the Matsya Avatar of Lord Vishnu, and the antiquated Matsya Kingdom.[4]

Meena tribesmen and women usually have a strong physique with a built-up athletic body, wide eyes and sharp features.It is believed to be the inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization.Easter part of the state in the Easter region of the Rajasthan belt is the main region where Meena is in populous condition.[5]Approximately 39 percent of the Rajasthan tribes are Bhil people|Bhils.The original inhabitants of the Indus Valley civilization, Minas have a tall, athletic body with angular features, wide eyes, broad lips and a light brown complexion.They have been found to rule the regions of Shekhawati and Eastern Rajasthan.[6][5]

History of the tribe

Matsya was among the sixteen Mahajanapadas (great kingdoms). In ancient times Matsya was the empire, after several centuries the Matsya empire was dwindling and thus the Matsya (Meena) people were known as the Matsya tribe / race or clan. The Meenas assert a mythological descent from Vishnu's Matsya Purana and Matsya avatar, or fish incarnation. They also assert to be descendants of the people of the Matsya Kingdom who flourished in the 6th century B.C.[7] The historian Pramod Kumar states that it is likely that the tribes living in the ancient Matsya Kingdom were called Meena. They are called adivasi (Aborigine|Aboriginals).

Adivasi

The term Adivasi derives from the Hindi word 'adi' which means of earliest times or from the beginning and 'vasi' meaning inhabitant or resident[8]

Vedic period

In Ancient times Rajasthan was dominated by adynasty of Meenas which had the emblem of Fish as the Pandyan empire (Paravar, Karava, Karaiyar) of the south. The word Mina is

derived from Meen and the Minas claim descent from God's Matsya Avatar(Meena Avatar).[9]

Founder of the tribe

The Kingdom was founded by the Indo-Aryan tribes|Indo-Aryan tribe of Vedic period|Vedic India.Matsya was founded by Dvwaita|Matsya Dvwaita, the second-oldest son of Uparichara Vasu|Uparachara Vasu.

Brihadratha Ikshvaku|Brihadratha's son Dhvasana Dvaitavana became the king of Matsya Kingdom|Matsya.

Matsya Kingdom was originally established by a group of fishermen who would later become kings. Matsya in Sanskrit means fish. Kuru king Shantanu|Santanu 's wife Satyavati was from this culture. Virata Kingdom|The Kingdom of Virata was established by Ruler Virata, a Matsya ruler. He was Abhimanyu son of Arjuna|Arjuna's father-in - law. The epic Mahabharata refers to the ruler of Chedi Kingdom|Chedi, viz Uparichara Vasu, the lord of the Matsya empire.[10]

Descendants of the tribe

Sraddhadeva Manu
First appearanceThe Great Flood (Mahaparlaya)
Based onMatsya Purana
In-universe information
TitleThe Father of Humankind
FamilySurya
SpouseShatarupa
ChildrenShraddhadeva married Shatrupa and had 10 children, including Ila (Hinduism)

Shraddhadeva Manu wedded Shatarupa and had ten youngsters including Ila and Ikshvaku, the forebears of the Lunar dynasty|Lunar and Solar dynasty|Solar dynasties, respectively.[11]

Ikshvaku (Sanskrit; ikṣvāku, from Sanskrit ikṣu; Pali: Okkāka), is one of the ten children of Shraddhadeva Manu.

'The Mahabharata states:-[12]

Furthermore, Manu (Hinduism)|Manu was supplied with incredible insight and gave to excellence. Furthermore, he turned into the ancestor of a line. Also, in Manu's race have been brought into the world every single individual, who have, accordingly, been called Manavas. What's more, it is of Manu (Hinduism)|Manu that all men including Brahmana|Brahmanas, Kshatriya|Kshatriyas, Vaishya|Vaishyas, Shudra|Sudras, and others have been dropped, and are accordingly completely called Manavas.

In this way, the Brahmanas got joined with the Kshatriyas. Furthermore, those children of Manu that were Brahmanas dedicated themselves to the investigation of the Vedas. Also, Manu sired ten other youngsters named:[13]

Ikshvaku, Dhrishta, Narishyanta, Distha, Nriga, Karusha, Sharyati, the eighth, a little girl named Ila, Prishadhru the ninth, and Kavi.

They all betook themselves to the acts of Kshatriyas (warriors). Other than these, Manu (Hinduism)|Manu had fifty different children on Earth. However, it was heard that they all died, quarreling with one another.[14]

Subdivisions

The Meena tribe is divided into several clans and sub-clans, which are named after their ancestors.Bhil people|Bhil Meena is another sub-division among the Meenas. Other prevalent social groupings are Zamindar Meena and the Chaukidar Meena.[15]

Implementation

As we know that matsya kingdom is also known as the Dravida Kingdom.[16]So it also shows that the present meena tribe is connected to the Matsya and that's why the meena tribe is considered to be the matsya tribe.

So the conclusion is that the Meena tribe are descendants from the Indus Valley Civilization[17]

The inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization are presently known as Meena.

DNA of the tribe

Rajasthan lies on India 's northwest frontier, and has operated since prehistoric and historic times as a major route for human movements. The present study was carried out to gain an insight into the inter- and intrapopulation affinities or variations among the six Rajasthan population groups. Samples of DNA from 221 unrelated individuals belonging to six endogamous Rajasthan population groups, including both tribal (Bhil people, Damaria, Garasia, Meena and Saharia) and caste (Rajput) populations, were screened for 12 DNA markers (seven Alu indel and five RFLP). In all the populations analysed all the loci were found to be Polymorphism|polymorphic.Rajasthan is also very rich in Archaeology terms,Containing sites of civilisation in the Paleolithic (Didwana), Mesolithic (Bagor), NeoChalcolithic (Ahar, Balathal and Gilund) and Indus Valley (Kalibangan).

Comparison

Comparison of Rajasthan 's 6 population classes Usage of a neighbouring joining tree shows the Rajputs and Meena's form a band (Figure 2).

Ethnically, this was also true The Meena's have been recorded to share many clan names with The Damaria, Saharias, Bhils, and Garasias, while the Rajputs. All form separate branches that can be attributed to their branches Diverse backgrounds.

Conclusion

The present study reveals a high genetic heterogeneity of the Rajasthan populations with respect to 12 autosomal loci. By and large, the caste and tribal groups have a close genetic relation. The major inference from the populations studied in this paper is the existence of an inflow of Eurasian genes into already existing gene pools, i.e. probably protoAustraloid, which was reported to have aDravidian linguistic lineage.

Note*

The Meena and Mina are same

This article is not only about Matsya and Meena, but it is about the Ancient Indus valley tribe and its inhabitants tribe. DNA shows that the caste and tribal groups have a close genetic relation.

See also*

  • Matsya Kingdom
  • Matsya Purana
  • Meena
  • Manu (Hinduism)|The Manu
  • Indus Valley Civilisation
  • Dravidian peoples
  • Rajput
  • Bhil people

References

  1. Minahan, James B. (2012). Ethnic groups of South Asia and the Pacific : an encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 194. ISBN 978-1-59884-659-1. OCLC 1155360449.
  2. Noah as antihero : Darren Aronofsky's cinematic deluge. Burnette-Bletsch, Rhonda, 1970-. New York. 21 April 2017. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-351-72070-0. OCLC 984993657.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. Daniélou, Alain. (2003). A brief history of India. Rochester. VT: Inner Traditions. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-59477-794-3. OCLC 778372064.
  4. Sinha, Nandini (2000). "Reconstructing Identity and Situating Themselves in History: A Preliminary Note on the Meenas of Jaipur Locality". Indian Historical Review. 27 (1): 29–43. doi:10.1177/037698360002700103. ISSN 0376-9836. S2CID 141602938.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Meena, Madan (2020-05-27), "Educational constraints and condition of denotified, nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes in Rajasthan", Social Inclusion and Education in India, Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge, 2020.: Routledge India, pp. 176–191, doi:10.4324/9780429281846-11, ISBN 978-0-429-28184-6{{citation}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  6. Minahan, James (2012). Ethnic groups of South Asia and the Pacific : an encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 194. ISBN 978-1-59884-660-7. OCLC 819572006.
  7. Sahiram: Ek adhūrī krānti, Shekhawati kā kisān āndolan (1922-1952). p. 3.
  8. "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples2016 087 World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples London Minority Rights Group International". Reference Reviews. 30 (3): 26–27. 2016-03-21. doi:10.1108/rr-12-2015-0298. ISSN 0950-4125.
  9. Minahan, James (30 August 2012). Ethnic groups of South Asia and the Pacific : an encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, Calif. ISBN 978-1-59884-660-7. OCLC 819572006.
  10. Mittal, J. P. (2006). History of ancient India : a new version. New Delhi: Atlantic. p. 422. ISBN 81-269-0617-0. OCLC 135269936.
  11. Thapar, Romila (14 October 2013). The past before us : historical traditions of early north India (First Harvard University Press ed.). Cambridge, Massachusetts. ISBN 978-0-674-72651-2. OCLC 859536567.
  12. "NETWATCH: Botany's Wayback Machine". Science. 316 (5831): 1547d. 2007-06-15. doi:10.1126/science.316.5831.1547d. ISSN 0036-8075. S2CID 220096361.
  13. "Chapter V. The Laws of Manu", A Source Book in Indian Philosophy, Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 172–192, 1957-12-31, doi:10.1515/9781400865062.172, ISBN 978-1-4008-6506-2
  14. Parmeshwaranand, Swami. (2001). Encyclopaedic dictionary of Purāṇas (1st ed.). New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. ISBN 81-7625-226-3. OCLC 52204586.
  15. Danver, Steven L. (2015-03-10). Native Peoples of the World: An Encylopedia of Groups, Cultures and Contemporary Issues. p. 550. doi:10.4324/9781315702155. ISBN 9781315702155.
  16. Vishwananda, Paramahamsa Sri Swami (7 March 2016). The Essence of Shreemad Bhagavatam. PublishDrive. pp. 300–301. ISBN 9783940381521.
  17. K. Mann, Rann Singh Mann (1989). Tribal Cultures and Change. Mittal Publications. pp. 15–16.

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