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Located in Uttar Pradesh, India, Lucknow serves as the state capital and administrative headquarters for both the district and division that bears the city's name. As of 2011, it was the 14th-most populated city in India, as well as the twelfth-most populous urban agglomeration. Since its founding, Lucknow has been a cosmopolitan city that has prospered as a North Indian cultural and artistic powerhouse as well as the seat of power of the Nawabs throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It continues to be a significant centre for governance, administration, education, commerce, aerospace, finance, pharmaceuticals, technology, design, culture, tourism, music, and poetry. It is also a significant centre for governance, administration, education, poetry, and poetry.

Aerial view of the city at a height of roughly 123 metres (404 feet) above sea level After 88 villages were included in the municipal borders of Lucknow, the city's land area expanded to 631 km2, from 402 km2 in December of last year. Lucknow is located on the northwestern coast of the Gomti River, and is bordered on the east by Barabanki, on the west by Unnao, on the south by Raebareli, and on the north by Sitapur and Hardoi. The city has 110 wards as of 2008, according to the most recent data available. There are three distinct morphological categories: Hazratganj, Aminabad, and Chowk are the three main commercial districts in the city, and they are all completely developed. Slums make up the outer zone, which is surrounded by cement homes in the middle zone and cement houses in the inner zone.

Lucknow was historically the capital of the Awadh area, which was under the administration of the Delhi Sultanate and then the Mughal Empire. The Nawabs of Awadh were given control of the kingdom. The British East India Company dissolved local administration in 1856 and seized entire control of the city, as well as the remainder of Awadh, before transferring power to the British Raj in 1857. As part of India's independence from Britain on August 15, 1947, Lucknow was declared a separate country. On the list of fastest-growing cities in India, it is ranked 17th, while it is ranked 74th overall in the globe.

With the cities of Agra and Varanasi, Lucknow is a part of the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arc, a network of survey triangulations established by the state government to promote tourism in the state.