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On India's Malabar Coast, Kerala is a state known as the Kerala State. Following the passing of the States Reorganisation Act in 1956, it was established on November 1, 1956, by merging the Malayalam-speaking areas of the former states of Cochin, Malabar, South Canara, and Travancore into a single entity. Kerala is the twenty-first biggest Indian state in terms of land size, with 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi). Tamil Nadu is bordered on the north and northeast by Karnataka, on the east and south by Tamil Nadu, on the west by the Lakshadweep Sea, and on the north and northeast by Karnataka The state of Kerala is the thirteenth-most populous in India, according to the 2011 census, with 33 million people. Thiruvananthapuram is the state capital, and it is split into 14 districts. Besides being the most commonly spoken language, Malayalam also serves as the state's official language.

Kerala's economy is the eighth-largest in India, with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of 8.55 trillion (US$120 billion) and a per capita net state domestic product (PSDP) of 222,000 (US$3,100). The tertiary sector accounts for about 65 percent of the state's gross state value added (GSVA), while the primary sector accounts for just 8 percent. A large Malayali expatriate community has contributed significantly to the state's economy, particularly during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s. The state has experienced significant emigration, particularly to Arab states of the Persian Gulf during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s. The production of pepper and natural rubber makes a major contribution to the overall output of the country. Coconut, tea, coffee, cashew, and spices are all significant commodities in the agriculture industry. The state is sandwiched between the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats mountain ranges to the east, making it a popular tourist destination. The coastline of the state stretches for 595 kilometres (370 miles), and about 1.1 million people in the state are reliant on the fishing sector, which generates 3 percent of the state's total revenue. Kochi is one of India's most popular tourist destinations, with its coconut-lined sandy beaches, backwaters, hill stations, Ayurvedic tourism, and lush tropical vegetation serving as the state's primary draws.