Al 'Arif Billah, Sayyidi ShaykhShaikh
Muhammad Amin Al-Khalidi
June 20, 1917
Pangkalan Brandan, Indonesia
|Died||June 9, 2001 (aged 83)|
|Resting place||Surau Qutubul Amin, Arco, Depok, West Java, Indonesia|
|Creed||Ahl al-Sunnah Wa al-Jamaah (sunni)|
Professor DR. Hajji Sayyid Shaykh Kadirun Yahya Muhammad Amin Al Khalidi (1917- 2001) was born in Pangkalan Brandan, North Sumatera, Indonesia and died in Arco, Depok, West Java, Indonesia. He is a sufi figure from Indonesia, murshid (Shaykh, sufi leader, sufi's spiritual teacher) of the sufi Naqshbandiyya Khalidiyya order, one of the largest sufi order in Indonesia, and sufi ordo he leads is developing rapidly in Indonesia and overseas.
More than 700 places of dhikr (surau/alkah/lodge) have been established all over the country from Aceh to Papua, in some city in Malaysia and America. Every year there are up to 10 times suluk activities in various places, in Indonesia and Malaysia. "Suluk" word is from the verb "salaka" which means to travel or follow, related to the sulūk "pathway". Sulūk here specifically refers to a spiritual path, i.e. the combination of the two "paths" that can be followed in religion, the exoteric path or shariah, and the esoteric path or haqiqa, which the activities are worship and intensive dhikr for 10 days, some people said suluk is same with Khalwa (Arabic, also khalwat; "solitude"), that has several meanings in Sufism, which in some way derive from the concept of being alone or withdrawing from the world.
Shaykh Kadirun Yahya is one of the sufi leader who is considered successful in combining the science of dhikr, modern science and technology. He wrote extensively in scientific terms, and he was often a speaker at various scientific forums with thoughts describing Sufism in science, which he called "Metaphysical Technology of the Al Qur'an". His thoughts, personality figures, and preaching patterns that are unique and different from the general, have been widely studied and written by academics, researchers, and writers.
Shaykh Kadirun Yahya also has special attention to education in Indonesia. He established educational institutions from Kindegarten, Elementary, Junior High School, High School, Vocational School, and a University in Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia. In 1956, he founded the Academy of Metaphysics, which in 1961 changed its name to Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi. Shaykh Kadirun Yahya has developed this university by establishing the Faculty of Spiritual Science and Metaphysics to formulate spirituality (religion) and science in the framework of scientific thinking.
- Oktavika, Devi Anggraini (18 January 2012). Akhmad, Chairul (ed.). "Tarekat Naqsyabandiyah di Nusantara". Republika Online (in Bahasa Indonesia). Republika. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
- Nur, Prof. K. H. Djamaan (2002). Tasawuf dan Tarekat Naqsyabandiyah Pimpinan Prof. Dr. H. Saidi Syekh Kadirun Yahya. Medan, Indonesia: USU Press. ISBN 979-458-191-7.
- Ridjal, Syamsur (2013). "Tarekat Naqsyabandiyah Syeikh Kadirun Yahya dan Pengalamannya di Kota Jambi". Innovatio : Journal for Religious Innovations Studies. Program Pasca Sarjana, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin Jambi. 13 (1). ISSN 2541-2167.
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