Juraj Malevac

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Juraj Malevac
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Born(1734-03-02)March 2, 1734
DiedJanuary 20, 1812(1812-01-20) (aged 77)
Known forNestrančno vezdašnjega tabora izpisavanje

Juraj Malevac was born on 2 March 1734 in Perudina, which was a part of the Duchy of Carniola (today in Slovenia). Since 1755, he had been a member of the Capuchin Order, and was educated in Zagreb, where he was subsequently ordained and spent much of his life and career. He wrote poetic works of secular and religious themes in Kajkavian dialect (with elements of Chakavian) of the Croatian language, often Occasional poetry.


He was influenced both by medieval religious, and contemporary secular Age of enlightenment literature with Baroque elements. At first, he mostly wrote occasional poetry such as those written for Ivan Krstitelj Paxy (1771) and Maksimilijan Vrhovac (1788), when they were named Bishop of Zagreb and Ivan Nepomuk II Erdődy, when he was named Ban of Croatia (1790). A number of other publications, published anonymously in Zagreb, are ascribed to him such as Dar za novo leto (1784), two poems for soldiers (published 1787 and 1789), and a poem written during the occasion of the priest's jubilee (1787). Nestrančno vezdašnjega tabora izpisavanje of second issue of Nestrančno vezdašnjega tabora izpisavanje (1790), popularly known as Epic trillogy His first major work Nestrančno vezdašnjega tabora izpisavanje (1789, 1790 and 1791), an epic poem in three parts dealing with the Austro-Turkish War (1788–1791), which was based on information provided by the Imperial Court's newspaper in Vienna.[1] The poem uses a simple style with elements borrowed from folk and Andrija Kačić Miošić poetry, with the main influence being Pavao Ritter Vitezović and German war poetry. The work was consequently described by August Šenoa as a "newspaper in verse", in which it depicts the Ottomans in ironic and satirical fashion. This was followed by a biblical-alegoric epyllion titled Nebeski pastir pogubljenu ovcu išče (1795), in which Malevac covered the Parable of the Lost Sheep, drawing from earlier sources. Another work depicting the birth of Christ, Horvacka od Kristuševoga narođenja vitija (1800, Zagreb), is difficult to categorize, but is described by some critics as Malevac's aesthetically best work, on grounds that it is written in a particularly humorous and original way.[2][3]

From 1770, he published the folk calendar Novi kalendar (a type of periodical publication similar to a magazine) in which he served as main editor (1801-1811) and to which anonymously contributed a number of literary texts and poems, among which the most notable is the anti-revolutionary poem Horvat Horvatom horvatski govori (A Croatian Speaks Croatian to a Croatian, 1801).[4] He died in Varaždin on 20 January 1812.


  • Nestrančno vezdašnjega tabora izpisavanje (1789, 1790 and 1791; Zagreb), an epic chronicle in three parts
  • Nebeski pastir pogubljenu ovcu išče (Ptuj, 1795), biblical-alegoric epyllion
  • Horvacka od Kristuševoga narođenja vitija (Zagreb, 1800)


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