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|Died||June 7, 1887 (aged 60–61)|
Jovan Valenta (real name: Jan Valenta; Prague, then part of Austria-Hungary, 1826  - Banat, Romania, 7 June 1887) was a doctor of medicine and surgeon in Smederevo and in Belgrade, the first manager of the hospital in Palilula and a part-time professor of hygiene at the Velika škola in Belgrade.He is also one of the early founders of the Serbian Medical Society.
He attended primary and secondary school in his native Prague. He graduated from the Medical Faculty in Prague in 1849. Until his arrival in the Principality of Serbia, he worked as a "secondary" (assistant doctor?) in a Prague hospital. After arriving in Serbia in 1852, he replaced the Czech name "Jan" with the Serbian name "Jovan". In Serbia, Dr. Valenta was appointed district physician first in Smederevo, then Rudnik District (Jagodina), and then in Valjevo. In 1865, Dr. Valenta was appointed manager of the First Town Hospital in Belgrade, which was founded in 1841. He remained in that position until 1874 when he became a professor at the First Belgrade Gymnasium. 
With Dr. Achim Medovich and other professional colleagues of his, he encouraged the founding of the Serbian Medical Society in Serbia in 1868. Only five Serbs were among the 15 doctors at the founding meeting. It was founded later in 1872. He participated in 1873 as a delegate of Serbia at the III International Congress of Physicians in Vienna. He was also involved in politics, he was twice elected Member of Parliament.
In addition to writing, he also translated medical material from Czech into Serbian. In 1864, he published the book "The Science of Health". This book was followed by two more: "Hygiene-The Science of Health" (1877) and "Separate Hygiene-Dietetics" published in 1881. He was a part-time lecturer in hygiene (1881) at the Belgrade Gymnasium.
He was one of the four founding fathers of the Belgrade Czech Association called Češka Beseda in 1869.
He was a corresponding member Društvo srbske slovesnosti since the beginning of 1862. He was a regular member of the Serbian Learned Society (Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics) appointed in the summer of 1864. He maintained ties with the Czech Medical Society, of which he was a corresponding member (1865). 
He went to Pirot in December 1882,  by order of the King of Milan Obrenović, where in addition to the duties of a district doctor, he also worked as the manager of the hospital in Pirot. He remained employed in Pirot until 1886 when he retired.
He died suddenly in 1887 during his stay in a health resort in Banat, in today's Romania. 
- "Serbian Biographical Dictionary", Novi Sad 2004.
- "Current List of Medical Literature". 1959.
- Budimir B. Pavlović: "History of Serbian Medicine", Belgrade 2002.
- "Danica", Novi Sad 1865.
- Borislava Lilic: "Southeast Serbia 1878-1918", Pirot 2006
- "Javor", Novi Sad 1887.
- Dr. Jovan Valenta (1828-1887) - PubMed
- Goran Djuric - Facebook
- (PDF) Медицина у Србији кроз векове / Medicine in Serbia
- (PDF) Serbian Medical Society 1872 - 2017 - ResearchGate
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