Jovan Andrejević Joles

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Jovan Andrejević Joles
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Born(1833-10-06)October 6, 1833
Novi Sad, Austria-Hungary
Died(1864-07-21)July 21, 1864
Novi Sad, Austria-Hungary
  • Grigorije-Gliša (father)

Jovan Andrejević Joles (Novi Sad, Austria-Hungary, 6 October 1833 - Novi Sad, Austria-Hungary, 21 July 1864) was a medical doctor, journalist and one of the founders Serbian National Theatre in Novi Sad.


Jovan Andrejević's father, Grigorije-Gliša, was a priest and pastor of the Cathedral, while his mother Persida died shortly after he was born. Jovan Andrejević grew up in a well-to-do environment from an early age, which enabled him to receive a good education. He finished elementary school and the first six grades of high school in Novi Sad. However, a major fire broke out in 1848 that destroyed a good portion of Novi Sad, affecting materially many of its inhabitants, including his father Jovan Andrejević. Then Jovan went on to complete the seventh and eighth grades of high school in Timisoara in 1853.

After graduating from high school, he went to BudaPest, where he began his medical studies, then Prague and finally Vienna, where he graduated with a doctorate. During his studies, he engaged in scientific work and came up with new results, which he communicated to experts through the Report of the Vienna Academy of Sciences under the name "- Ueber den feineren Bau der Leber -". The German physiologist of European renown, Jakob Malešot, included his work on the liver in the eighth book of his "Examinations". In addition to his scientific work, during his studies, he actively participated in the work of United Serb Youth, which is why he had trouble with the Alexander von Bach police. During his stay in Vienna, he was imprisoned twice.

Andrejević was a member of the editorial board of Danica, an associate of Srpski dnevnik and, together with Jovan Djordjević, he is remembered as one of the founders of Serbian National Theater. [1] When the "Society for the Serbian National Theater" was founded in 1862, he was elected to the Theater Department. [2] He was elected an honorary member of the Matica Srpska in 1862, and for a member of its literary department in 1864.

In addition to his great interest in science, Andrejević also managed to write literary works in 1858. He published a discussion on photography in Sedmica, and a little later, in Danica, articles in the field of art. Andrejević was also an excellent translator. He translated from English and German. He was among the first Serbs to attempt to translate a portion of William Shakespeare's "Richard the Third". In 1862, he commissioned the painting of "Death to Karađorđe" by Đura Jakšić the Serbian poet and painter, which was then reproduced many times over. [3]

As a student, Andrejević fell ill with consumption, which forced him to stop his scientific research and return to Novi Sad. Upon his return from Vienna on 16 May 1861, he submitted a request to the Magistrate in Novi Sad in which he asked for permission to open a private practice. As a medical practitioner, Andrejević quickly gained a good reputation. He was considered "the first Serbian anatomist".

After arriving in Novi Sad, he married Jelko Bajić in 1863, a native of Sopron [4], but the marriage was without children. Soon, Dr. Jovan Andrejević began to suffer from tuberculosis again, and during 1864 was tied to his bed until his death on 21 July. He was buried with the prayerful presence of Bishop Platon Atanacković at the Almaško cemetery in Novi Sad, right next to the south side of the chapel, where his grave is located, while a modest monument leans against the wall of the chapel.


The record of his life's work is kept by the Department of Anatomy of the Faculty of Medicine in Novi Sad. The ground floor hall of the Faculty of Medicine holds a bust of Jovan Andrejević Joles.[5]

Another legacy included 306 Hungarian forint given to the fund of the Gymnasium during Andrejević's lifetime, according to his wife Jelka.


  1. cite journal | last = Sakač | first = Dejan | title = Dr Jovan Andrejević Joles, prvi srpski anatom: život i delo | journal = Srpski arhiv za celostavno lekarstvo = Archivum serbicum pro universa scientia et arte medica recipienda {{ISSN | 0370-8179} } .- God. 139, no. 11/12 (2011), pp. 838-842.
  2. Petar Marjanović: "Serbs", Belgrade 1987.
  3. "Belgrade Municipal Newspaper", Belgrade 1941
  4. "Serbian Independence", Belgrade in 1882

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