James Andrew Murray

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James Andrew Murray
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Born(1840-09-10)September 10, 1840
Died(1921-05-11)May 11, 1921

James Andrew Murray (September 10, 1840- May 11,1921) was an Irish-born entrepreneur from County Clare, Ireland. He moved to the outskirts of Ontario, Canada with his family as young boy. As a young adult he travelled west to California during the Gold Rush days and then moved north to the Montana Territory. It was in the Montana Territories where he found success mining the streams near Pioneer, a small camp between Missoula and Helena. He parlayed his success in mining to build a business empire that stretched throughout the Western United States, He owned mines, banks, resorts, office buildings and water companies in Idaho, Washington State, Nevada, Arizona and California.

Murray operated his businesses from Butte, Montana for many years, until he purchased the Tevis mansion adjacent to Cannery Row in Monterey California in 1900. His business partners included W.A. Clark, Marcus Daly, and Augustus Heinze.[1][2] Murray was active in the Irish Nationalist movement in the United States. He employed his nephew, future U.S. Senator James E. Murray to assist with his business and advocate for an Independent Ireland.[3] Murray's philanthropy included supporting the performing arts in the Montana Territory though a long term partnership with John Maguire.[4]


  1. Farley, Bill; Emmons, David M. (2018). James A. Murray: Butte's radical Irish millionaire. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-87842-682-9.
  2. Farley, Bill (2016). "Rocky Mountain RADICALS: Copper King James A. Murray, Senator James E. Murray, and Seventy-Eight Years of Montana Politics, 1883–1961". Montana: The Magazine of Western History. 66 (1): 39–58. ISSN 0026-9891.
  3. Spritzer, Donald E. (1985). Senator James E. Murray and the limits of post-war liberalism. Modern American history. New York, N. Y. u.a: Garland. ISBN 978-0-8240-5680-3.
  4. Clark, Archie L. (1952). "John Maguire. Butte's "Belasco"". The Montana Magazine of History. 2 (1): 32–40. ISSN 1939-9952.

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