Jalilpur Zamindari

From Wikitia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Add a Photo
Known forFinest zamindaris

Jalilpur was one of the finest zamindaris, tracing its origins to 1759. The family belongs to Yaduvanshi kshatriyas who served at the Mughal Court and later moved to Landhoura State, before moving permanently to Mahu in Bijnor. The family was awarded 11 villages and two hamlets for service rendered during the 1857 Revolt by the Rani of Landhoura.[1]

The family traces its history to Nirvan Gorth Yaduvanshi, who migrated to Badli village near Delhi from the western Rajputana region. Rao Gopal Krishna and his son Tara Chand served in the Mughal Court (1750). The Mughal power was in its twilight and on the verge of bankruptcy during the period after the Nader Shah invasion, and many high-ranking officials of the Imperial Court began looking for new employment elsewhere. Rao Tara Chand happened to be one of them. Later he quit and joined the service of Landhoura Riyasath, a Gujjar kingdom in the Doab region in the Gangetic plains. Tara Chand was employed in the revenue department as revenue assessor by Raja Ram Dayal.

In 1803 British had entered the Doab region and established a cantonment at Roorkee with the intention of suppressing the Gujjars. The British officer at the time did not recommend the state for a treaty pact to the Governor General. A major portion of the state was shown as Khanakhali in the revenue records. Again, in 1810, another land settlement was carried out. Raja wrote to the Mughal emperor about this, and the emperor advised him to cooperate with the settlement officer – the Raja refused to talk with the British officials, and as a result, a larger track of the state was reflected as Khanakhali in the revenue records. The state collected revenue from the subjects as usual, and the British did not object to it. When the Raja died, leaving behind his minor son Kushal Singh, the British seized an opportunity and collected the revenue of that year directly from the cultivators. Rani raised an objection, so a new settlement was undertaken by Mr Chambelian, who declared the documents / sanads of Emperor Aurangzeb and Mohamad Shah as invalid because were issued during a disturbed state of country. Only the treaty with Najibuddulah the Rohila chieftain was declared valid.

Mr Ross, the settlement officer in 1817, declared the rihayast as a taluka in the British records. Raja Bhudha Singh and his mother Rajmata Sada Kunwar of Jaberhera came forward demanding their share in Landhoura taluka. The dispute was settled by the Gujjar Chief of Parikishatgarh. As such, the original area round Landhora and Deoband and a strip of land in Rohilkhand remained under Raja Khushal Singh. He died in 1829 with no male heir to the throne, at a time when the state held land paying revenue to the tune of Rs.42122/- in Meerut, Rs.10823/- in Bijnor, Rs.7945/- in Muzaffarnagar and Rs.2060/- in Bulandsahar district. A mutiny arose in 1857, with Raja Raghubir Singh only 14 years old, and unable to take any active role in the gaddar. Diwan Pratap Singh, son of Rao Tara Chand, who was the Diwan (Prime Minister) of Landhoura State very tactfully, through diplomacy and liaison, saved Landhora from the wrath of the British. He was an able statesmen and was able to maintain peace in the region with British officers Robert Spankie and Dundas Robertson. As a reward, he was granted 11 villages and 2 hamlets, and he bought two more villages at the time when all other Gujjar Riyasaths vanished in the aftermath of the 1857 revolt and their rulers were being publicly for their support of the revolt. Raja Raghubir Singh died in April 1868, leaving behind a minor son Jagat Prakash, who died shortly afterwards in the same year.

Rao Tara Chand had two sons, Rattan Singh and Pratap Singh. Rattan Singh was brave and chivalrous, serving at the prime rank in the troops and was designated as Rawal. The younger son Pratap Singh was serving as the Diwan, and trusted Raja Kushal Singh and his mother Rajmata Dhan Kunwar. Both the brothers married sisters, Jas Kunwar with Rattan Singh and Ganesh Kunwari with Pratap Singh – the sisters were from the reputed house of Nawada. Rao Tara Chand in his later years was allocated the responsibility of assessing and depositing the revenue of villages in Bijnor and keeping check on the movement of Rohilla robbers on the eastern flank of the Ganga demarcating the boundaries of the state.

At the time of 1857 revolt, Rattan Singh and Diwan Pratap Singh assisted the Rani to manage diplomatically with the British forces and side by side mediated with the mutineers to keep the state safe at both ends which was a task since the countryside was infested with mutineers ready to settle score with forces that were siding with the East India Company, looting and arson was an hour of the day, Rattan Singh died without issue and Diwan Pratap Singh was blessed with two sons Kr.Kundan Singh born 1858 and Kr.Bhola Singh in 1860. Both took their schooling at Landhora and Roorkee and were good with the Persian, Urdu and English languages. Kr.Kundan Singh was later granted permission to manage the Jagir of Mahu and assist his grand father in revenue collection for the state in Bijnor district. Diwan Ch.Bhola Singh was entrusted with the responsibility of Diwan at Landoura Court which he did initial for few years, disgusted with the internal politics of the Gujjar chiefs in the court, he sought permission to share the responsibility to manage the jagir at Mahu along with his brother, which was readily granted. Diwan Ch.Bhola Singh expanded the estate which at 28 villages in its ambit by purchasing Basantpur village in Pargana Basta from the Raja Shyam Singh Rikh, Raja of Tajpur for a sum of rupees 48000 and Takhtpur, Sayali, Bakipur, Darbad from the British. Ch.Kundan Singh had three sons from his wife Bilsi Devi of Asmoli Zamindari, (1)Kr Guru Sahay, (2) Kr Hori Singh & (3) Kr Harsaroop Singh . (1) Kr Guru Sahay was married at Dekwada Bijnor, he had two issues Bai Manu Kumari & Kr Jyoti Prasad . Ch. Jyoti prasad was a learned man & very fond of animals / pets, He was assigned the task of an Assessor in the district court & from time to time his opinion was sought by the Judiciary in certain matters pertaining to justice . He had two sons Brigadier Kr Vijay Bahadur Singh & Kr Ajay Bahadur Singh .(2) Kr Hori Singh was a highly educated man well versed in English, Urdu, Persian & Hindi . He was educated at St John College, Agra married at Saidpur Meerut but unfortunately the couple expired issue less at an early age . (3) Kr Harsaroop Singh was born in 1884 did his schooling from St Georges College Mussoorie, he was rather one of the first Indian student in school at the time . He was married to Krani Jaddav Kanwar daughter of Lt Col Dhabhai Ganeshi Lal, Diwan of Alwar State. He had three issues Kr Teipal Singh, Kr Chetpal Singh & Bai Chetan Kumari .

Diwan Ch Bhola Singh had three issues, (I) Bai Sahiba Ishwar Dei, she was married in a business family at Clock tower Meerut but expired at the time of first delivery . (II) Kr Jagdish Singh born in 1894 & (III) Kr Balbir Singh who died during his courtship, He was not well suffering from high fever, passed away on the day when he was informed that he had cleared his Imperial Police Service Exams (IPS) (II) Ch. Kr Jagdish Singh Bahadur was born in 1894 to Diwan Bhola Singh & Khisi Devi, was an educated man, who could for see future beyond his times . He had two wifes 1. Krani Chand Kanwar daughter of Ch Raghuveer Singh of Pahari Dheeraj House Delhi, cousin of Rai Bahadur Ganga Sharan. 2 Krani Sartaj Kanwar from Derouli Zaildari , Mahendragarh.

[2] Jalilpur- Princely State, Indianer Lizenzgebuhren.[3]



External links

Add External links

This article "Jalilpur Zamindari" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical. Articles taken from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be accessed on Wikipedia's Draft Namespace.