Information and communications technology

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Technology that facilitates access to, storage of, transmission of, understanding, and manipulation of information is known as information and communications technology (ICT). This extensional term for information technology (IT) emphasises unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (phone lines and wireless signals), computers, and the necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audiovisual that allow users to access information and communicate with others.

Integrated communications and technology (ICT) is sometimes used to refer to the integration of audiovisual and telephone networks with computer networks via the use of a single cabling or connection system. There are significant cost benefits to merging the telephone network with the computer network system, which may be accomplished by adopting a single unified system of cabling, signal delivery, and administration. Computer and network hardware, satellite systems, and other forms of communication equipment are all included under the ICT umbrella term. This includes services and appliances such as video conferencing and distant learning that are made possible by ICT, such as radio and television. Digital technologies, such as paper communication, and any kind of transmission are included in information and communications technology.

IT is a large discipline, and the ideas are always changing. A digital product is defined as any product that will be able to electronically store, retrieve, alter, send, or receive information in a digital format (e.g., personal computers including smartphones, digital television, email, or robots). A distinction has been made between interpersonal-communication technologies and mass-communication technologies by the philosopher Piyush Mathur in terms of their theoretical underpinnings. The Skills Framework for the Information Age is one of several approaches for characterising and managing competences for information and communications technology (ICT) workers in the twenty-first century.